HEAVENLY SECRETS
Emanuel Swedenborg

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AC EXODUS Chapter 2

THE DOCTRINE OF CHARITY

AC 6703. As prefatory to the chapters of the Book of Exodus I have undertaken to deliver the doctrine of charity, it must first be told what the neighbor is, because it is he toward whom charity is to be exercised. For unless it is known who the neighbor is, charity may be exercised in the same manner and without distinction equally toward the evil as toward the good, ”whereby charity becomes no charity; for by virtue of its benefactions the evil do ill to the neighbor; but the good do well.

AC 6704. The general opinion at the present day is that every man is equally the neighbor, and that everyone who is in need of help must be benefited. But it is the part of Christian prudence to search “well the quality of a man‘s life, and to exercise charity in accordance therewith. The man of the internal church does this with discrimination, thus with intelligence; but as the man of the external church cannot thus discriminate, he does it indiscriminately.

AC 6705. The ancients reduced the neighbor into classes, and named each class according to the names of those who in the world appear to be especially in need; and they taught how charity was to be exercised toward those who were in one class, and how toward those in another; and in this way they reduced the doctrine, and the life according to it, into order. Hence the doctrine of their church contained the laws of life, and hence they saw of what quality was this or that man of the church whom they called ”brother,“ but with a distinction in the internal sense in accordance with his exercise of charity from the genuine doctrine of the church, or from the doctrine as changed by himself; for as everyone desires to appear blameless, he defends his own life, and therefore either explains or changes the laws of doctrine in his own favor.

AC 6706. The distinguishing differences of the neighbor, which the man of the church ought to wholly know, in order that he may know the quality of charity, vary in accordance with the good which is with everyone; and as all good proceeds from the Lord, the Lord is the neighbor in the highest sense, and in a surpassing degree; and from Him the neighbor originates. From this it follows that in proportion as anyone has of the Lord in him, in the same proportion he is the neighbor; and as no two persons receive the Lord (that is, receive the good which proceeds from Him) in the same way, therefore no two persons are the neighbor in the same way; for without exception all persons in the heavens and on earth differ in good.  Precisely one and the same good never exists in two persons; it must vary in order for each person to subsist by himself.  But all these varieties, thus all the distinguishing differences of the neighbor, which are according to the reception of the Lord, that is, of the good proceeding from Him, can never be known to any man, nor even to any angel, except in general, thus as to their genera and some species of these.  Nor does the Lord require more of the man of the church than to live according to what he knows.

AC 6707. From all this it is now clear that the quality of Christian good determines in what degree each one is the neighbor; for the Lord is present in good, because it is His, and He is present according to the quality of it.  And as the origin of the neighbor must be drawn from the Lord, therefore the distinguishing differences of the neighbor are according to the Lords’ presence in good, thus according to the quality of the good.

AC 6708. That the neighbor is according to the quality of the good, is plain from the Lord‘s parable of the man ”who fell among thieves, “whom, ”while half dead, the priest passed by, and also the Levite; but the Samaritan, when he had bound up his “wounds and poured in oil and ”wine, set him on his own beast and brought him to an inn and took care of him; and he, because he exercised the good of charity, is called the “neighbor” (Luke 10:29-37). Hence it may be known that they are the neighbor “who are in good; whereas they who are in evil are indeed the neighbor, but in quite a different respect; and for this reason they are to be benefited in a different ”way. But on this subject, of the Lord’s Divine mercy more will be said hereafter.

AC 6709. As it is the quality of the good which determines how everyone is the neighbor, it is the love which does this; for there is not any good which is not of love; from this comes forth all good, and from this also comes forth the quality of the good.

AC 6710. That it is the love “which makes a man to be the neighbor, and that each person is the neighbor according to the quality of his love, is very manifest from those ”who are in the love of self.  These acknowledge as the neighbor those “who love them the most; that is, in so far as they are theirs; thus are in themselves.  These they embrace, these they kiss, these they benefit, and these they call brethren; nay, because they are evil, they say that these are the neighbor more than others. All the rest they hold to be the neighbor according as these love them, thus according to the quality and the amount of the love.  much derive the origin of the neighbor from themselves, for it is the love that is the determinant.

AC 6711. But they who do not love themselves more than others, as is the case with all ”who are of the Lord‘s kingdom, “will derive the origin of the neighbor from Him whom they ought to love above all things, that is, from the Lord; and will regard everyone as the neighbor according to the quality of his love to Him.  They therefore who love others as themselves, and especially those who-like the angels-love others more than themselves, all derive the origin of the neighbor from the Lord; for the Lord Himself is in good, because it proceeds from Him.  Hence also it can be seen that the quality of the love determines who is the neighbor. That the Lord is in good, He Himself teaches in Matthew; for He says to those who had been in good, that they ”had given Him to eat,“ that they ”had given Him to drink, had gathered Him, clothed Him, visited Him, and had come to Him in prison;“ and afterward, that ”in so far as they had done it to one of the least of His brethren, they had done it to Him“ (Matthew 25:34-40).

AC 6712. From all this it is now evident whence the origin of neighbor is to be drawn by the man of the church; and that everyone is the neighbor in the degree in which he is near the Lord; and because the Lord is in the good of charity, that the neighbor is according to the quality of the good, thus according to the quality of the charity.

EXODUS 2:1-25

1. And there went a man from the house of Levi, and took a daughter of Levi.

2. And the woman conceived, and bare a son; and she saw him, that he was good, and she hid him three months.

3. And she could no longer hide him; and she took for him an ark of rush, and daubed it with bitumen and with pitch; and she put the child therein, and laid him in the sedge at the bank of the river.

4. And his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him.

5. And Pharaoh’s daughter came down to wash at the river; and her girls were going at the side of the river; and she saw the ark in the midst of the sedge, and sent her handmaid, and took it.

6. And she opened it, and saw him, the child; and behold the boy wept.  And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews‘ children.

7. And his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call thee a woman a nurse from the Hebrew women, that she may suckle the child for thee?

8. And Pharaoh‘s daughter said to her, Go.  And the girl went, and called the mother of the child.

9. And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Take this child to thee, and suckle him for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child and suckled him.

10. And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh‘s daughter, and he was to her as a son. And she called his name Moses, and said, Because I drew him out of the waters.

11. And it came to pass in those days, and Moses grew, and he went out unto his brethren, and saw their burdens; and he saw an Egyptian man smiting a Hebrew man, one of his brethren.

12. And he looked forth hither and thither, and saw that there was no man, and he smote the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.

13. And he went out the second day, and beheld two Hebrew men quarreling; and he said to the wicked one, Wherefore smitest thou thy companion?

14. And he said, Who set thee for a man a prince and a judge over us? sayest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian?  And Moses feared, and said, Surely the ”word is known.

15. And Pharaoh heard this word, and he sought to kill Moses.  And Moses fled from before Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian, and he dwelt by a well.

16. And the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came, and drew, and filled the troughs, to give drink to their father’s flock.

17. And the shepherds came, and drove them away; and Moses arose, and helped them; and he gave drink to their flock.

18. And they came unto Reuel their father, and he said, Wherefore hasted ye to come today?

19. And they said, An Egyptian man delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds; and also drawing he drew for us, and gave drink to the flock.

20. And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is this that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.

21. And Moses was willing to dwell with the man; and be gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.

22. And she bare a son, and he called his name Gershom; for he said, I have been a sojourner in a strange land.

23. And it came to pass in these many days that the king of Egypt died; and the sons of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

24. And God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

25. And God saw the sons of Israel, and God took knowledge.

THE CONTENTS

AC 6713. In this chapter in the internal sense the subject treated of is truth Divine, its beginnings and successive states with the man of the church.

AC 6714. In the supreme sense the subject treated of is the Lord, how He as to the Human became the law Divine.  Moses represents the Lord as to the law Divine, which is the Word; and in the relative sense he represents truth Divine with the man of the church.

THE INTERNAL SENSE

AC 6715. Verses 1-4.  And there went a man from the house of Levi, and took a daughter of Levi.  And the woman conceived, and bare a son; and she saw him, that he was good, and she hid him three months.  And she could no longer hide him; and she took for him an ark of rush, and daubed it with bitumen and with pitch; and she put the child therein, and she laid him in the sedge at the bank of the river. And his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him. “And there ”went a man from the house of Levi,“ signifies the origin of truth from good; ”and took a daughter of Levi,“ signifies conjunction with good; ”and the “woman conceived,” signifies the first of the rising; “and bare a son,” signifies the law Divine in its origin; “and she saw him, that he ”was good,“ signifies a noticing that it was through heaven; ”and she hid him three months,“ signifies the fullness of time in which it did not appear; ”and she could no longer hide him,“ signifies the time when it ought to appear; ”and she took for him an ark of rush,“ signifies what is of low value round about, but nevertheless derived from truth; ”and daubed it with bitumen and with pitch,“ signifies good mixed with evils and falsities; ”and she put the child therein,“ signifies that inmostly therein was the law Divine in its origin; ”and she laid him in the sedge at the bank of the river,“ signifies that at first it was among false memory-knowledges; ”and his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him,“ signifies the truth of the church far away from it, and advertence.

AC 6716. And there went a man from the house of Levi. That this signifies the origin of truth from good, is evident from the signification of ”a man,“ as being truth (n. 3134); and from the signification of ”from the house,“ as being the origin; and from the representation of Levi, as being good; for Levi in the supreme sense represents the Divine love (n. 3875), and in the internal sense spiritual love (n. 3875, 4497, 4502, 4503); and because he represents love, he represents good, for all good is of love. As regards the origin of truth from good, ”which is here signified by “a man from the house of Levi,” be it known that in what follows, in the supreme sense, the subject treated of is the Lord, how as to His Human He became the law Divine, that is, truth itself. It is known that the Lord “was born as are other men, and that ”when a child He learned to speak like other children, and that He then grew in knowledge, and also in intelligence, and in “wisdom.

[2] From this it is evident that His Human was not Divine from birth, but that He made it Divine by His own power. That He did this by His own power was because He was conceived of Jehovah, and hence the inmost of His life was Jehovah Himself; for the inmost of the life of every man, which is called the ”soul,“ is from the father; but what this inmost puts on, which is called the ”body,“ is from the mother.  That the inmost of life, which is from the father, is continually flowing and working into the external, which is from the mother, and is in the effort to make this like itself, even in the womb, can be seen from sons, in that they are born into the disposition of the father, and sometimes grandsons and great-grandsons into that of the grandfather and great grandfather. The reason of this is that the soul, which is from the father, continually wills to make the external, which is from the mother, a likeness and image of itself.

[3] This being the case with man, it can be seen that it was especially so with the Lord. His inmost was the Divine Itself, because it was Jehovah Himself, for He was His only-begotten Son; and because the inmost was the Divine Itself, was not this, more than in any man, able to make the external, which is from the mother, an image of itself, that is, like itself?  thus making the Human, which was external and from the mother, Divine; and this by His own power, because the Divine, which was inmost, from which He worked into the Human, was His, as the soul of man, which is the inmost, is man‘s.  And as the Lord advanced according to Divine order, He made His Human, when He was in the world, Divine truth; but afterward, when He was fully glorified, He made it Divine good, thus one with Jehovah.

[4] How this was done is described in this chapter in the supreme sense, but as the things contained in the supreme sense, all of which treat of the Lord, surpass human understanding, I may in what follows set forth the things contained in this chapter in the internal sense.  These treat of the beginning and successive states of truth Divine with the man of the church, that is, with the man who is being regenerated (n. 6713, 6714).  The reason why these things are contained in the internal sense, is that the regeneration of man is an image of the glorification of the Lords Human (n. 3138, 3212, 3245, 3246, 3296, 3490, 4402, 5688).

AC 6717. And took a daughter of Levi. That this signifies conjunction with good, is evident from the signification of ”taking a daughter’ (that is, to wife), as being conjunction; and from the representation of Levi, as being good (n. 6716). How it is to be understood that the truth whose origin is from good, is conjoined with good, shall be told.  The truth which is insinuated by the Lord in the man “who is being regenerated, has its origin from good.  In the first period the good does not show itself, because it is in the internal man, but the truth shows itself, because it is in the external man; and as the internal acts into the external, and not the converse (n. 6322), it is good which acts into truth, and makes this its own, for nothing else than good acknowledges and receives truth.  This is apparent from the affection of truth that is present in the man who is being regenerated.  The affection itself is from good, for an affection which is of love cannot come from any other source. But this truth which is received in this first period, that is, before regeneration, is not the genuine truth of good, but it is the truth of doctrine.  For at this time the man does not consider whether it is truth, but acknowledges it because it is of the doctrine of the church; and so long as he does not consider whether it is truth, and from this acknowledges it, it is not his, and therefore is not appropriated to him. This is the first state ”with the man who is being regenerated.

[2] But “when he has been regenerated, then good shows itself, especially by his loving to live according to the truth ”which lie of himself acknowledges to be truth.  Then because he wills the truth “which he acknowledges, and acts according to it, it is appropriated to him; because it is not as before merely in the understanding, but is also in the will, and what is in the ”will is appropriated And as the understanding then makes one “with the ”will, for the understanding acknowledges and the “will performs, there is a conjunction of the two, namely, of good and truth.  When this conjunction has been effected, then as from a marriage, offspring are continually born, ”which are truths and goods “with their blessednesses and delights. These two states are ”what are meant by the origin of truth from good, and by their conjunction

[3] But the truth which is being conjoined “with good, ”which is here signified by “there went a man from the house of Levi and took a daughter of Levi,” is not such truth as is received by a man in the first state, for this is the truth of the doctrine of that church in “which he has been born; but it is the very truth itself; for the subject treated of in the supreme sense is the Lord, how He became the law Divine as to the Human; and the truth of this law is what is meant. That its origin is good, is because the Divine, which was the Lord‘s inmost and the esse of His life, brought it forth in His Human.  Thus was conjunction effected of this truth with good; for the Divine is nothing else than good.

AC 6718. And the woman conceived. That this signifies the first of the rising, namely, of the law Divine in the Lord’s Human, is evident from the signification of ”conceiving,“ as being the first of a rising.  By the ”woman“ is here signified the same as just above by the ”daughter of Levi,“ whom the man of the house of Levi took, namely, truth conjoined with good.

AC 6719. And bare a son.  That this signifies the law Divine in its origin, is evident from the signification of ”bearing,“ as being a coming forth (n. 2621, 2629), thus origin; and from the signification of a ”son,“ as being truth (n. 489, 491, 533, 1147, 2623, 3373), here the law Divine, because by the son is meant Moses; and that Moses represented the Lord as to the law Divine, or the Word, will be shown in what follows.

AC 6720. And she saw him, that he was good. That this signifies a noticing that it was through heaven, is evident from the signification of ”to see,“ as being a noticing (n. 2150, 3764, 4567, 4723, 5400); and from the signification of ”good,“ here denoting through heaven, because it is said of the law Divine in the Lord.  But that ”good“ here signifies through heaven, is a secret that cannot be known unless it is disclosed.  When the Lord made His Human Divine, He did this from the Divine, by means of a transflux through heaven-not that heaven contributed anything from itself, but that in order that the Divine Itself might flow into the human, it flowed in through heaven. This transflux was the Divine Human before the advent of the Lord, and was Jehovah Himself in the heavens or the Lord. The Divine which flowed through heaven was the Divine truth, or the Divine law, which Moses represented; and the Divine which flows through heaven, is good.  Hence it is evident whence it is, that by ”she saw him,“ namely the son, ”that he was good,“ is signified a noticing that it was through heaven.

AC 6721. And she hid him three months.  That this signifies the fullness of time in which it did not appear, is evident from the signification of ”being hid,“ as being not to appear; and from the signification of ”three months,“ as being fullness of time and fullness of state. ”Three“ denotes ”what is full, or an entire period from beginning to end, (n. 2788, 4495); and also a “month,” like a “day” and a “year,” denotes time and state, (n. 2788). Hence “for three months,” denotes a new state.

AC 6722. And she could no longer hide him. That this signifies the time when it ought to appear, is evident from the signification of “being hid,” as being not to appear (n. 6721) hence “to be hid no longer,” denotes to appear.  That the time is meant when it ought to appear is because by the three months in which he was hid was signified fullness of time from beginning to end (n. 6721).

AC 6723. And she took an ark of rush.  That this signifies what is of low value round about, but nevertheless derived from truth, is evident from the signification of “an ark,”   as being “what is round about, or that in which anything is inclosed; and from the signification of ”rush,“ as being what is of low value, but nevertheless derived from truth.  That ”rush“ denotes what is of low value is evident, and that it denotes what is derived from truth is because a ”rush“ has this signification, as is clear in Isaiah:--

Woe to the land that is overshadowed with wings, which is beyond the rivers of Cush; that sendeth envoys to the sea, even in vessels of rush upon the faces of the waters (Isa. 18:1, 2);

”the land overshadowed “with wings” denotes the church, which darkens itself by means of reasonings from memory-knowledges; “beyond the rivers of Cush” denotes to the knowledges whereby they confirm false principles (n. 1164); “to send envoys to the sea” denotes to consult memory-knowledges (n. 28); “in vessels of rush upon the faces of the waters,” denotes the lowest receptacles of truth.

[2] In the opposite sense:--

The dry place shall become a pool, and the thirsty place springs of waters; there shall be grass instead of the reed and the rush (Isa. 35:7);

“grass instead of the reed and the rush,” denotes that there will be true memory-knowledge instead of things in which there is no truth.  That “grass” denotes true memory-knowledge is plain from the passages in the Word where it is mentioned.

[3] As it was provided that Moses should represent the Lord as to the law Divine, or the Word, specifically the historic Word, it was therefore brought about that when he was an infant he was placed in a little ark, but in one of low value, because he was in his first rising, and because his being there was only a representative; but that afterward when the law Divine itself had shone forth from Mount Sinai, it was placed in an ark which was called the “ark of the testimony.” The law Divine was placed in the ark, (Exod. 40:20; 1 Kings 7:9); and also the books of Moses were placed in it, (Deut. 31:24-26).

[4] Hence the ark was most holy, because it represented the Lord‘s Divine Human as to the Divine law; for from the Lord’s Divine Human proceeds the Divine law, or the Divine truth, which is the same as the “Word‘ mentioned in John:--

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word; and the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us; and we saw His glory, the glory as of the Only-begotten of the Father (John 1:1, 14).

And as the ark represented that most holy thing the propitiatory with the cherubs was placed over the ark; and near the veil thereof the lampstand with its lamps, and the golden table with loaves, both of which signified the Divine love. This then is the reason why Moses, when an infant, because he represented the law Divine, was placed in a little ark.

AC 6724. And daubed it with bitumen and with pitch.That this signifies good mixed with evils and falsities, is evident from the signification of ”bitumen,“ as being good mixed with evils; and from the signification of ”pitch,“ as being good mixed with falsities.  Bitumen and pitch have these significations from their being of a fiery nature, and in the Word by what is fiery is signified good, and in the opposite sense evil; but as they are sulphurous, and also black, they signify evil and falsity; as in Isaiah:--

The day of the vengeance of Jehovah; the torrents thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into sulphur, and the land thereof into burning pitch (Isa. 34:8, 9);

”pitch“ and ”sulphur“ denote falsities and evils. Hence then it is that by ”she daubed it with bitumen and pitch,“ is signified good mixed ”with evils and falsities.

[2] As regards the thing itself-that encompassing the truth Divine there was good mixed with evils and falsities, no one can understand this unless he knows how the case is with the reformation of man.  When a man is being reformed, he is kept by the Lord as to his internal in good and truth, but as to his external he is let into his evils and falsities, consequently among infernal spirits who are in these evils and falsities. These hover round him, and endeavor by every method to destroy him.  But the good and truth which flow in through the internal render him so safe that the infernal spirits cannot do him the least harm; for that which acts inwardly prevails immeasurably over that which acts outwardly; because “what is interior, in consequence of being purer, acts upon each and every individual particular of the exterior, and thus disposes the external to its will.  But in this case there must be good and truth in the external, wherein the influx from the internal can be fixed; and in this way good can be among evils and falsities, and yet be in safety. Everyone who is being reformed is let into this state, and in this way the evils and falsities in ”which he is, are removed, and goods and truths are inserted in their place.

[3] Unless this secret is known, it cannot possibly be known why around the Divine truth in a man there are goods mixed with evils and falsities, signified by the bitumen and pitch wherewith the little ark was daubed in which the infant was laid. Be it known further that good can be mixed “with evils and falsities, but that nevertheless they are not on this account conjoined, for each shuns the other, and by a law of order each separates itself from the other.  For good is of heaven, and evil and falsity are of hell; therefore, as heaven and hell are separate, so also each and all things from them separate themselves.

AC 6725. And she put the child therein.  That this signifies that inmostly therein was the law Divine in its origin, is evident from the signification of ”putting therein,“’ as being to be inmostly there, because in the little ark; and from the representation of Moses, as being the law Divine, here the law Divine in its origin, because he was an infant.

AC 6726. And she laid him in the sedge at the bank of the river. That this signifies that at first it was among false memory-knowledges, is evident from the signification of ”sedge,“ as being memory-knowledges; and from the signification of the ”river of Egypt,“ as being falsity (n. 6693). They who are being initiated into truth Divine are at first placed among falsities, (n. 6724). That ”sedge“ denotes memory-knowledge, is because every herb in the Word signifies some kind of memory-knowledge; the sedge that is at the bank of a river signifies memory-knowledge of low value; as also in Isaiah:--

The streams shall recede, and the rivers of Egypt shall be dried up; the reed and the sedge shall wither away (Isa. 19:6);

”streams“ denote things of intelligence (n. 2702, 3051); ”the rivers of Egypt shall be dried up“ denotes things of memory-knowledge; ”the reed“ and ”the sedge“ denote the lowest memory-knowledges, which are sensuous.  ”Sedge“ denotes false memory-knowledges in Jonah:

The waters compassed me about even to the soul; the deep was round about me, the sedge (here seaweed) was bound about my head (Jonah 2:5);

in this prophetic utterance is described a state of temptations; ”the waters which compassed even to the soul“ denote falsities; that ”inundations of waters“ denote temptations and desolations, (n. 705, 739, 790, 5725); ”the deep round about“ is the evil of falsity; ”the seaweed bound about the head“ denotes false memory-knowledges besetting truth and good, as is the case in a state of desolation.

AC 6727. And his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him.  That this signifies the truth of the church far away from it, and advertence, is evident from the signification of ”sister,“ as being rational truth (n. 1495, 2508, 2524, 2556, 3160, 3386), thus the truth of the church, for this truth is rational truth; and from the signification of ”to know what would be done to him,“ as being advertence.

AC 6728. Verses 5-9.  And Pharaoh‘s daughter came down to wash at the river; and her girls were going at the side of the river; and she saw the ark in the midst of the sedge, and sent her handmaid, and took it. And she opened it and saw him, the child; and behold the boy wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews’ children. And his sister said to Pharaoh‘s daughter, Shall I go and call thee a woman a nurse from the Hebrew women, that she may suckle the child for thee? And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the girl went, and called the mother of the child. And Pharaoh‘s daughter said to her, Take this child to thee, and suckle him for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child and suckled him. ”And Pharaoh’s daughter came down,“ signifies the religiosity there; ”to wash at the river,“ signifies worship from falsity; ”and her girls were going at the side of the river,“ signifies the ministries of that religiosity that was from falsity; ”and she saw the ark in the midst of the sedge,“ signifies a perception of truth that it was of low value among false memory-knowledge; ”and she sent her handmaid,“ signifies service; ”and took it,“ signifies curiosity; ”and she opened it, and saw him, the child,“ signifies investigation of its quality, and a perception that it was truth from the Divine; ”and behold the boy wept,“ signifies sadness; ”and she had compassion on him,“ signifies admonition from the Divine; ”and she said, This is one of the Hebrews‘ children,“ signifies that it was of the church itself; ”and his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter,“ signifies the truth of the church near the religiosity there; ”Shall I go and call thee a woman a nurse from the Hebrew women?“  signifies perception that good was to be insinuated therein by the church itself; ”and Pharaoh‘s daughter said to her, Go,“ signifies consent from the religiosity there; ”and the girl went and called the mother of the child,“ signifies the truth of good of the church, that it adjoined the things of the church; ”and Pharaoh’s daughter said to her,“ signifies consent from the religiosity there; ”take this child to thee,“ signifies that it should adjoin it to itself; ”and suckle him for me,“ signifies that it should insinuate into it good suited to the religiosity; ”and I will give thee thy wages,“ signifies recompense; ”and the woman took the child, and suckled him,“ signifies that good was insinuated into it by the church.

AC 6729. And Pharaoh‘s daughter came down. That this signifies the religiosity there, is evident from the signification of ”daughter,“ as being the affection of truth and good, and hence the church (n. 2362, 3963); and in the opposite sense the affection of falsity and evil, and hence the religiosity that is from these (n. 3024); here a religiosity from false memory-knowledges, because it was the daughter of Pharaoh, for by Pharaoh is here represented false memory-knowledge (n. 6651, 6679, 6683, 6692). That by ”daughters“ in the Word are signified churches, can be seen from the numerous passages in which the church is called the ”daughter of Zion,“ and the ”daughter of Jerusalem;“ and that by ”daughters“ are also signified the false religiosities of many nations, is plain also from the passages in which these are called ”daughters;“ as the ”daughter of Tyre“ (Ps. 45:12); the ”daughter of Edom“ (Lam. 4:22); the ”daughter of the Chaldeans“ and ”of Babylon“ (Isa. 47:1, 5; Jer. 50:41, 42; 51:33; Zech. 2:7; Ps. 137:8); the ”daughter of the Philistines“ (Ezek.  16:27, 57); the ”daughter of Tarshish“ (Isa. 23:10); the ”daughter of Egypt,“ in Jeremiah:--

Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin daughter of Egypt. Make thee vessels of migration, O thou inhabitress daughter of Egypt.  The daughter of Egypt is put to shame; she is given into the hand of the people of the north (Jeremiah 46:11, 19, 24);

the ”daughter of Egypt“ denotes the affection of reasoning about the truths of faith, whether a thing be so, from memory-knowledges, when what is negative reigns; thus it denotes the religiosity which thence arises, which is of such nature that nothing but falsity is believed.

AC 6730. To wash at the river.  That this signifies worship from falsity, is evident from the signification of ”washing,“ as being purification from filth spiritually understood (n. 3147), hence it denotes worship, because worship is for the sake of purification; and from the signification of ”river,“ in this case the river of Egypt, as being falsity (n. 6693).

AC 6731. And her girls were going at the side of the river. That this signifies the ministries of that religiosity that was from falsity, is evident from the signification of ”girls,“ as being ministries, for when the ”daughter of Pharaoh“ signifies a religiosity, her ”girls“ signify its ministries; and from the signification of the ”river,“ as being falsity (n. 6730).  Thus the ministries of a religiosity from falsity are signified by ”the girls going at the side of the river.“

AC 6732. And she saw the ark in the midst of the sedge. That this signifies a perception of truth that it was of low value among false memory-knowledge, is evident from the signification of ”seeing,“ as being a perception (n. 2150, 3764, 4567, 4723, 5400); from the signification of an ”ark of rush,“ as being what is of low value but nevertheless derived from truth (n. 6723), thus truth which is of low value; and from the signification of ”sedge,“ as being false memory-knowledge (n. 6726); thus ”in the midst of the sedge“ denotes among such memory-knowledge.  How the case herein is has been unfolded above.

AC 6733. And she sent her handmaid.  That this signifies service is evident without explication.

AC 6734. And took it.  That this signifies curiosity, is evident from the signification of ”taking it,“ namely, the ark, when it was perceived that there was some truth that was of low value among the memory-knowledge (n. 6732), as being curiosity, namely, to know the quality of that truth.

AC 6735. And she opened it, and saw him, the child.  That this signifies investigation of its quality, and a perception that it was truth from the Divine, is evident from the signification of ”to open,“ as being to investigate of what quality it was, for he who opens in order to see what and of what quality a thing is, investigates; and from the signification of ”seeing“ as being perception (n. 6732); and from the representation of Moses, who is here ”the child,“ as being the law Divine or truth Divine, thus truth from the Divine.

AC 6736. And behold the boy wept. That this signifies sadness, is evident without explication.

AC 6737. And she had compassion on him.  That this signifies admonition from the Divine, is evident from the signification of ”having compassion,“ as being an influx of charity from the Lord; for when anyone from charity sees another in misery (as here Pharaoh’s daughter saw the child in the ark of rush and weeping), compassion arises; and as this is from the Lord, it is an admonition.  Moreover when they who are in perception feel compassion, they know that they are admonished by the Lord to give aid.

AC 6738. And she said, This is one of the Hebrews‘ children. That this signifies that it was of the church itself, is evident from the signification of ”the Hebrews,“ as being the things of the church (n. 6675, 6684); thus the ”children of the Hebrews“ denote those who are of the church itself. That the ”Hebrews“ signify the things of the church, is because when the Ancient Church ceased, the Hebrew Church, which was the second Ancient Church, began. This church retained many of the representatives and significatives of the Ancient Church, and also acknowledged Jehovah; hence it is that by the ”Hebrews“ is signified the church. Concerning the Hebrew Church, (n. 1238, 1241, 1343, 4516, 4517, 4874, 5136).

AC 6739. And his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter. That this signifies the truth of the church near the religiosity there, is evident from the signification of ”sister,“ as being the truth of the church (n. 6727); and from the signification of ”Pharaoh‘s daughter,“ as being the religiosity there (n. 6729). Near is signified by her being at hand when Pharaoh’s daughter opened the ark.

AC 6740. Shall I go and call thee a woman a nurse from the Hebrew women? That this signifies perception that there was to be insinuated therein good from the church itself, is evident from the signification of ”a woman, a nurse,“ as being the insinuation of good (n. 4563), for by the milk which the nurse gently introduces is signified the good of truth, or what is the same, the celestial spiritual (n. 2184); and from the signification of ”the Hebrew women,“ as being the things of the church (n. 6675, 6684). Its being a perception that good thence derived was to be insinuated, is signified by her saying, ”Shall I go and call?“ because in the internal sense the truth of good which has perception is meant; but in the sense of the letter is meant a girl who had no perception. That a ”nurse“ denotes the insinuation of good, is plain also in Isaiah:

They shall bring thy sons in their bosom, and thy daughters shall be carried upon the shoulder.  And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers (Isa. 49:22, 23);

”kings shall be thy nursing fathers“ denotes the insinuation of truth, which is of intelligence; ”queens, nursing mothers,“ denotes the insinuation of good, which is of wisdom.

Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all are gathered together, they come to thee; thy sons come from far, and thy daughters are carried by nurses at the side (Isa. 60:4);

”sons who come from far“ denote truths with the Gentiles, which being far off from the truth of the church, are said to ”come from far;“ ”daughters that are carried by nurses at the side“ denote the goods which are continually being insinuated; for ”daughters“ are goods, and ”nurses“ they who insinuate.

AC 6741. And Pharaoh‘s daughter said to her, Go.  That this signifies consent from that religiosity, is evident from the representation of Pharaoh’s daughter, as being a religiosity (n. 6729); that consent is meant is plain without explication.

AC 6742. And the girl went, and called the mother of the child. That this signifies the truth of good of the church, that it adjoined the things of the church, is evident from the signification of ”girl,“ as being the truth of good of the church; from the signification of ”calling,“ as being to adjoin, for the girl called in order to adjoin; and from the signification of ”mother,“ as being the church (n. 289, 2691, 2717, 5581); thus also the things of the church.  Mention is made in the Word of a ”virgin,“ and also of a ”girl,“ but the latter in the original rarely by the name used here.  A ”virgin“ signifies the good of the celestial church, but a ”girl,“ the truth of good, which is of the spiritual church; as in David:--

They have seen Thy goings, O God, the goings of my God, of my King, in the sanctuary.  The singers went before, the players after, in the midst of the girls playing on timbrels (Ps. 68:24, 25).

The words in these verses are all said of the truths of good, which are of the spiritual church. The term ”God“ is used where truth is treated of, (n. 2769, 2807, 2822, 4402); also ”king“ denotes truth, (n. 1672, 2015, 2069, 3009, 4575, 4581, 4966, 5044, 5068, 6148); ”singers“ are predicated of the truths which are of the spiritual church, (n. 418-420); and ”they who play on timbrels,“ of spiritual good, (n. 4138). Hence it can be known that ”girls“ denote the truths of good, which are of the spiritual church.

AC 6743. And Pharaoh‘s daughter said to her. That this signifies consent from the religiosity there, is evident; for she gave the child to the mother to suckle him. Consent from that religiosity is here signified, as above (n. 6741), where like words occur.

AC 6744. Take this child to thee. That this signifies that it should adjoin it to itself, is evident from the signification of ”taking to,“ as being to adjoin; from the signification of ”mother,“ who is here meant by ”to thee,“ as being the church (n. 6742); and from the representation of Moses, who is here the ”child,“ as being the law Divine in its origin; in the supreme sense in the Lord, when He made His Human to be the law Divine; and in the relative sense in the man who is being regenerated, when he is being initiated into truth Divine (n. 6716).

AC 6745. And suckle him for me.  That this signifies that it should insinuate into it good suited to the religiosity, is evident from the signification of ”suckling,“ as being to insinuate good and from the representation of Pharaoh’s daughter, as being a religiosity (n. 6729); and as she said, ”Suckle him for me,“ it signifies that it should insinuate good suited to the religiosity.

[2] That ”to suckle“ denotes to insinuate good is plain from the signification of a ”nurse,“ or of one that gives suck, as being the insinuation of good (n. 6740); and also from the passages there quoted from the Word, and likewise from the following:--

They shall call the peoples into the mountains; there shall they sacrifice sacrifices of righteousness; for they shall suck the affluence of the sea; and the hidden things of the secrets of the sand (Deut. 33:19);

a prophetic utterance of Moses about Zebulun and Issachar; ”to call the peoples into the mountain, there to sacrifice sacrifices of righteousness“ signifies worship from love; ”to suck the affluence of the sea“ signifies that they will then learn true memory-knowledge in abundance, or that it will be insinuated.

[3] ”To suck,“ in this passage, is the same expression as ”to suckle,“ as also in the following passages:

I will set thee for a magnificence of eternity, a joy of generation and generation; and thou shalt suck the milk of the nations, yea, thou shalt suck the breasts of kings (Isa. 60:15, 16);

speaking of ”Zion and Jerusalem,“ which denote the celestial church, ”Zion“ its internal, and ”Jerusalem“ its external; ”to suck the milk of nations“ denotes the insinuation of celestial good; ”to suck the breasts of kings“ denotes the insinuation of celestial truth.  Everyone can see that in these words there lies hid a sense which does not appear in the letter, and that what lies hid in that sense is holy, because the Word is Divine; otherwise what could it mean to suck the milk of the nations, and to suck the breasts of kings?  The sense which lies hid and which is holy, is not at all manifest unless it is known what is signified by ”sucking,“ what by ”milk,“ by ”nations,“ by ”breast,“ and by ”kings.“ ”Milk“ denotes the spiritual of the celestial, or the truth of good, (n. 2184); also ”nations“ denote goods in worship, (n. 1259, 1260, 1416, 1849, 6005); ”breasts“ denote the affections of good and truth, (n. 6432); ”kings“ denote truths, (n. 1672, 2015, 2069, 3009, 4575, 4581, 4966, 5044, 5068, 6148); and ”to suck“ denotes the insinuation of good.

[4] From all this it can now be known what is the meaning of the above words when applied to the celestial church, which is ”Zion and Jerusalem.“ When ”Zion and Jerusalem“ are mentioned together, the celestial church is signified by them, by ”Zion“ its internal, and by ”Jerusalem“ its external, as before said; but when ”Jerusalem“ is mentioned without ”Zion,“ then for the most part the spiritual church is signified.

[5] In the same:--

Ye shall suck and be sated with the breast of the consolations of Jerusalem; ye shall press out and be dedicated with the splendor of her glory. Behold I will expand peace over her like a river, and the glory of the nations like an overflowing stream; that ye may suck, be taken up to the side, and be dandled upon the knees (Isa. 66:11, 12);

here also ”to suck“ denotes the insinuation of good.

[6] In Jeremiah:--

Even the whales offer the teat, they give suck to their young; the daughter of my people is cruel, the tongue of the sucking child hath cleaved to the roof of his mouth with thirst (Lam. 4:3, 4);

”the daughter of my people“ denotes the spiritual church, here this church vastated; that she is said not to suckle her young, when yet the whales suckle theirs, denotes that there is then no insinuation of truth; that ”the tongue of the sucking child hath cleaved to the roof of his mouth with thirst“ denotes such a lack of truth that all innocence perishes.  The ”sucking child“ denotes innocence, and ”thirst“ the lack of truth.

AC 6746. And I will give thee thy wages. That this signifies recompense, is evident without explication.

AC 6747. And the woman took the child, and suckled him. That this signifies that good was insinuated into it by the church, is evident from the signification of ”woman,“ as being the church (n. 252, 253); and from the signification of ”to suckle,“ as being the insinuation of good, (n. 6745).  It is the second state which is here described; the first state was a state of immission among evils and falsities (n. 6724), and this second one is a state of insinuation of the good of the church.

AC 6748. Verse 10.  And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh‘s daughter, and he was to her as a son.  And she called his name Moses, and said, Because I drew him out of the waters. ”And the child grew,“ signifies that there was increase from good; ”and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter,“ signifies the affection of memory-knowledges; ”and he was to her as a son,“ signifies that from this it had the first truths; ”and she called his name Moses,“ signifies the quality of the state then; ”and said, Because I drew him out of the waters,“ signifies deliverance from falsities.

AC 6749. And the child grew.  That this signifies that there was increase from good, is evident from the signification of ”growing,“ as being increase; that it is from good is because he grew by suckling, and suckling by a Hebrew woman denotes the insinuation of the good of the church (n. 6745).

AC 6750. And she brought him to Pharaoh‘s daughter.  That this signifies the affection of memory-knowledges, is evident from the representation of Pharaoh’s daughter, as being a religiosity (n. 6729); but here the affection of memory-knowledges. For it is the third state which is described in this verse, and in this case by ”daughter“ is signified affection (n. 2362, 3963), and by ”Pharaoh,“ memory-knowledge in general (n. 6015), thus by Pharaoh‘s daughter,” the affection of memory-knowledges.  This is evident also from the series of things in the internal sense; for as Moses represents the Lord as to the law Divine, he could not be brought to Pharaoh’s daughter and be to her as a son, if by her was signified a religiosity, as before; and moreover memory-knowledges are what they who are being regenerated must first learn, because they are a plane for the things of the understanding, and the understanding is the recipient of the truth of faith (n. 6125), and the truth of faith is the recipient of the good of charity.  Hence it can be seen that memory-knowledge is the first plane when man is being regenerated.

[2] That memory-knowledge was also the first plane with the Lord when He made His Human Divine truth, or the Divine law, is signified by the Lord, when an infant, being brought into Egypt (Matt. 2:13, 14), as follows in the prophetic utterance in Hosea: “Out of Egypt have I called My Son” (Hosea 11:1; Matt. 2:15).  That by “Egypt” are signified memory-knowledges, has been often shown; but by memory-knowledges are not meant those of philosophy, but those of the church (n. 4749, 4964-4966, 6004). These are the memory-knowledges which also, in the genuine sense, are signified by “Egypt.” The first plane is formed by means of these, (n. 5901).

AC 6751. And he was to her as a son.  That this signifies that from this it had the first truths, is evident from the representation of Pharaoh‘s daughter, who is here meant by “her,” as being the affection of memory-knowledges (n. 6750); and from the signification of “ son,” as being truth (n. 489, 491, 533, 2623, 3373); here the first truth, for “to be to her as a son” denotes to be in the first truths by means of memory-knowledges; for the first truths are born from memory-knowledges, and thus are as sons from a mother, which is the affection of memory-knowledges. Memory-knowledge is a plane for truths which are of understanding and of faith, (n. 6750). When he is being regenerated, a man advances in the things of faith almost as he advances in the truths not of faith when he is growing to maturity; in this growth, sensuous things are the first plane; then memory-knowledges; and upon these planes judgment afterward grows, with one person more, with another less. During man’s regeneration, the generals of faith, or the rudiments of the doctrine of the church, are the first plane; then the particulars of doctrine and of faith; afterward successively things more interior.  These planes are what are enlightened by the light of heaven; hence comes the intellectual, and the power of perceiving faith and the good of charity.

AC 6752. And she called his name Moses.  That this signifies the quality of state then, is evident from the signification of a “name,” and “calling a name,  as being the quality (n. 144, 145, 1754, 1896, 2009, 2724, 3006, 3421, 6674); here the quality of the state, because when anyone is named, the name itself then signifies the state (n. 1946, 2643, 3422, 4298).  The quality of state which is signified, is that of the law Divine in the beginning with the Lord, and that of truth Divine in the beginning with the man who is being regenerated.  Two men especially represent the Lord as to the Word, namely, Moses and Elias; Moses as to the historic books, Elias as to the prophetic.  There are besides, Elisha, and lastly John the Baptist, wherefore this is he who is meant by ”Elias who was to come“ (Matt. 17:10-13; Luke 1:17).  But before it can be shown that Moses represents the law Divine, what this is must be told. The law Divine in a wide sense signifies the whole Word; in a sense less extended the historic Word; in a close sense, what was written through Moses; and in the closest sense, the ten commandments written on the tables of stone upon Mount Sinai.  Moses represents the law in the less wide sense, also in the close, and likewise in the closest sense.

[2] That ”the law,“ in a wide sense, is the whole Word, both historic and prophetic, is evident in John:--

We have heard out of the law that the Christ (Messiah) abideth forever (John 12:34);

that by ”the law“ here is meant also the prophetic Word, is plain, for this is written in (Isa. 9:6, 7; Ps. 110:4; Dan. 7:13, 14).  Again in John:--

That the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated Me without a cause (John 15:25);

where the sense is the same, for this is written in (Ps. 35:19). In Matthew:--

Verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall not pass away from the law, till all things be done (Matthew 5:18);

where law” in the wide sense denotes the whole Word.

[3] That “the law” in a sense less wide is the historic Word, is evident in these passages:--

All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law and the prophets (Matt. 7:12);

here the Word is distinguished into the law and the prophets, and because the Word is distinguished into the historic and prophetic, it follows that by “the law” is meant the historic Word, and by “the prophets” the prophetic Word.

On these two commandments hang the law and the prophets (Matt. 22:40).

The law and the prophets were until John: from that time the kingdom of God is evangelized (Luke 16:16; Matt. 11:13).

[4] That “the law” in a close sense is the Word that was written through Moses, is evident in these passages:--

When Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law upon a book, even until he had completed them, Moses commanded the Levites who bare the ark of Jehovah, saying, Take the book of this law, and put it by the side of the ark of the covenant of Jehovah your God (Deut. 28:24-26);

“the book of the law” denotes the books of Moses.

If thou wilt not watch to do all  the words of this law that are written in this book, every disease and every plague which are not written in the book of this law, Jehovah will send secretly upon thee, even until thou be destroyed (Deut. 28:58, 61);

where the meaning is the same.

His good pleasure is in the law of Jehovah, and in His law doth he meditate day and night (Ps. 1:2);

“the law of Jehovah” denotes the books of Moses, for the prophetic books were not yet written, nor the historic except those of Joshua and of Judges.  Besides passages in which the “law of Moses” is mentioned, to be seen below.

[5] That “the law” in the closest sense is the ten commandments written on tables of stone upon Mount Sinai, is known (Josh. 8:32); but this law is also called “the testimony” (Exod. 25:16, 21).

[6] That Moses represents the law in a less wide sense, or the historic Word, and also the law in a close sense, and likewise in the closest sense, is evident from those passages where instead of “the law” mention is made of “Moses;” and where the law is called “the law of Moses,” as in Luke:--

Abraham said to him, They have Moses and the prophets, let them hear them. If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rise from the dead (Luke 16:29, 31);

here by “Moses and the prophets” the like is signified as by “the law and the prophets,” namely, the historic and the prophetic Word; from which it is evident that “Moses” denotes the law, or the historic Word.  Again:--

Jesus beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, interpreted in all the scriptures the things concerning Himself (Luke 24:27).

All things must be fulfilled which are written in the law of Moses, and the prophets, and the psalms, concerning Me (Luke 24:44).

Philip said, We have found Jesus of whom Moses In the law did write (John 1:45).

Moses in the law commanded us (John 8:5).

There hath flowed down over us the curse and the oath, which was written in the law of Moses the servant of God; for we have sinned against Him.  As it is written in the law of Moses, all evil is come upon us (Dan. 9:11, 13).

Joshua wrote upon the stone of the altar a copy of the law of Moses (Josh. 8:32).

[7] It is said “the law of Moses” because by Moses is represented the Lord as to the law, that is, as to the Word; and in a sense less wide, as to the historic Word.  Hence it is that to Moses is attributed what is of the Lord, as in these passages:--

Moses gave you the law; Moses gave you circumcision; if a man receive circumcision on the sabbath, that the law of Moses may not be broken (John 7:19, 22, 23).

Moses said, Honor thy father and thy mother (Mark 7:10).

Jesus answering said to them, What did Moses command you?  They said, Moses permitted to write a bill of divorcement and to put her away (Mark 10:3, 4).

And because on account of the representation there is attributed to Moses what is of the Lord, it is said both “the law of Moses,” and “the law of the Lord,” in Luke:--

When the days of her purification were fulfilled, according to the law of Moses, they brought Him into Jerusalem, to present Him to the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord), and to offer a sacrifice, according to that which is said in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtle doves, and two young pigeons (Luke 2:22-24, 39).

[8] As Moses represented the law, he was allowed to enter in unto the Lord on Mount Sinai, and not only to receive the tables of the law there, but also to hear the statutes and judgments of the law, and to deliver them to the people; and it is also said that “from this, they should believe in Moses forever”

Jehovah said unto Moses, Lo I come unto thee in the thickness of the cloud, that the people may hear when I shall speak with thee, and may also believe in thee forever (Exod. 19:9);

it is said “in the thickness of the cloud” because by a “cloud” is meant the Word in the letter, and from this when Moses entered in unto the Lord on Mount Sinai, it is said that he “entered into the cloud” (Exod. 20:18; 24:2, 18; 34:2, 5). A “cloud” denotes the literal sense of the Word, (n. 2135a, 4060, 4391, 5922, 6343).

[9] And as Moses represented the law or the Word, therefore also when he came down from Mount Sinai,

The skin of his face shone when he spake; and he put a veil upon his faces (Exod. 34:28);

the “shining of the faces” signified the internal of the law, for this is in the light of heaven, and is therefore called “glory” (n. 5922); and the “veil” signified the external of the law. That he veiled his face when he spake with the people was because with then‘ the internal was covered; and was so obscured to that people that they could not endure any of the light from it. The “face” denotes the internal, (n. 1999, 2434, 3527, 3573, 4066, 4796-4805, 5102, 5695). As by Moses was represented the Lord as to the historic Word, and by Elias the Lord as to the prophetic Word, therefore when the Lord was transfigured, Moses and Elias were seen talking with Him (Matt. 17:3); nor could any others talk with the Lord when His Divine appeared in the world than they who represented the Word, for talking with the Lord is done through the Word. Elias represented the Lord as to the Word, (n. 2762, 5247).

[10] And as both Moses and Elias together represented the whole Word, therefore where it is said of Elias that he should be “sent before the Lord,” mention is made of both:--

Remember ye the law of Moses My servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, even statutes and judgments.  Behold I will send you Elijah the prophet, before the great and terrible day of Jehovah come (Mal. 4:4, 5);

these words involve that one would go before to announce the advent according to the Word.

AC 6753. And she said, Because I drew him out of the waters.  That this signifies deliverance from falsities, is evident from the signification of “waters,” here the waters of the river of Egypt, as being falsities (n. 6693); and from the signification of “drawing out,” as being deliverance.  In these words is contained the quality of the state signified by the name “Moses;” which quality in the supreme sense involves that the Lord, in order that He might become the law Divine as to the Human, delivered it from every falsity which cleaved to His Human from the mother, and this until He became the Divine law, that is, the Divine truth itself, and afterward when glorified became the Divine good, which is the Esse of Divine truth, that is, is Jehovah.

AC 6754. Verses 11-14.  And it came to pass in those days, and Moses grew, and he went out unto his brethren, and saw their burdens; and he saw an Egyptian man smiting a Hebrew man, one of his brethren.  And he looked forth hither and thither, and saw that there was no man, and he smote the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.  And he went out the second day, and behold two Hebrew men quarreling; and he said to the wicked one, Wherefore smitest thou thy companion? And he said, Who set thee for a man a prince and a judge over us? sayest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely the word is known.  “And it came to pass in those days, and Moses grew,” signifies when those states lasted, and there was increase in true memory-knowledges; “and he went out unto his brethren,” signifies conjunction with the truths of the church; “and saw their burdens,” signifies a noticing that they were infested by falsities; “and he saw an Egyptian man smiting a Hebrew man,” signifies alienated memory-knowledge endeavoring to destroy the truth of the church; “one of his brethren,” signifies with which he was conjoined; “and he looked forth hither and thither, and saw that there was no man,” signifies foresight as to whether he was in safety; “and he smote the Egyptian,” signifies that he destroyed the alienated memory-knowledge; “and hid him in the sand,” signifies that he removed it to where falsities are; “and he went out the second day,” signifies conjunction again with the church; “and behold two Hebrew men quarreling,” signifies a noticing that within the church they were fighting among themselves; “and he said to the wicked one, Wherefore smitest thou thy companion?” signifies rebuke because one desired to destroy the faith of another; “and he said, Who set thee for a man a prince and a judge over us?” signifies perception that he was not yet so far advanced in the truths of the church as to settle differences within the church; sayest thou to kill me,“ signifies wouldest thou destroy my faith; ”as thou killedst the Egyptian,“ signifies as thou hast destroyed falsity; ”and Moses feared, and said, Surely the word is known,“ signifies that he was among alienated memory-knowledges, and not yet in truths so as to be safe.

AC 6755. And it came to pass in those days, and Moses grew.  That this signifies when those states lasted, and there was increase in true memory-knowledges, is evident from the signification of ”days,“ as being states (n. 23, 487, 488, 493, 893, 2788, 3462, 3785, 4850); hence by ”it came to pass in those days,“ denotes when those states lasted; and from the signification of ”to grow,“ as being increase (n. 6749).  That the increase was in true memory-knowledges is plain from what has been unfolded above (n. 6751).

AC 6756. And he went out unto his brethren. That this signifies conjunction with the truths of the church, is evident from the signification of ”brethren,“ as being the truths of the church and from the signification of ”going out unto them,“ as being to be conjoined with them.  As regards ”brethren,“ they sometimes signify the goods, and sometimes the truths of the church; when the celestial church is treated of, they signify goods, and when the spiritual church is treated of, they signify truths, because the celestial church is in good, but the spiritual church in truth.  And in ancient times all who were of the church called themselves ”brethren.“ They too who were of the spiritual church called themselves ”brethren,“ from good (n. 3803); but the men of the internal church did this with a difference according to the quality of the good, thus according to truths, for good has its quality from truths.  Afterward, when the church turned aside from good, and hence also from truth, they then no longer called one another ”brethren“ from spiritual consanguinity and affinity, which are of charity and of faith, but only from natural consanguinity and affinity, and also from friendship.  Moreover they began to be indignant that one of meaner condition should call himself a ”brother.“ The reason was that they made little or nothing of relationship from a spiritual origin, but very much, and indeed everything, of relationships from a natural and civil origin. The truths of the church are called ”brethren,“ is evident from the fact that the sons of Jacob represented the truths of the church in the complex, (n. 5403, 5419, 5427, 5458, 5512).

[2] The reason why in ancient times they were called ”brethren“ from spiritual affinity, was that the new birth, or regeneration, made consanguinities and affinities in a higher degree than natural birth; and because the former derive their origin from one father, that is, from the Lord.  Hence it is that men after death, who come into heaven, no longer acknowledge any brother, nor even a mother or father, except from good and truth, in accordance with which they find there new brotherhoods. From this then it is that they who were of the church called one another ”brethren.“

[3] That the sons of Israel called all those ”brethren“ who were from Jacob, but others ”companions,“ is plain from these passages:--

I will commingle Egypt with Egypt, that a man shall fight against his brother, and a man against his companion (Isa. 19:2).

A man helpeth his companion, and he saith to his brother, Be courageous (Isa. 41:6).

Beware ye a man of his companion, and confide ye not upon any brother; for every brother supplanting will supplant, and every companion will slander (Jer. 9:4).

[4] That all who were from Jacob called themselves ”brethren“:--

Then shall they bring all your brethren out of all nations, an offering to Jehovah, upon horses, upon chariot, and upon litters (Isa. 66:20).

Thou shalt surely set over them a king, whom Jehovah thy God shall choose; from the midst of thy brethren thou shalt set a king over them; thou mayest not put over them a man a foreigner, who is not their brother (Deut. 17:15).

They also called the sons of Esau ”brethren,“ because they were from Jacob, as in Moses:--

We passed over with our brethren the sons of Esau, who dwell in Seir (Deut. 2:8).

[5] That in ancient times they who were of the church called themselves ”brethren,“ was as before said because they acknowledged the Lord as the one only Father, and because from Him they had a new soul and new life.  Therefore the Lord says:--

Be not ye called Rabbi, for one is your Master, even Christ, and all ye are brethren (Matt. 23:8).

As spiritual brotherhood is from love, namely, that one may be another’s, and they who are in good are ”in the Lord, and the Lord in them“ (John 14:20), therefore they are called ”brethren“ by the Lord:--

Jesus stretching forth His hand toward His disciples said, Behold My mother and My brethren! For whosoever shall do the will of My Father who is in the heavens, the same is My brother, and sister, and mother (Matt. 12:49, 50).

In so far as ye have done it to one of the least of these My brethren, ye have done it to Me (Matt. 25:40);

and He also calls the disciples ”brethren“ (Matt. 28:10; John 20:17). By ”disciples“ in the representative sense are meant all who are in the truths of faith and the good of charity.

AC 6757. And saw their burdens.  That this signifies a noticing that they were infested by falsities, is evident from the signification of ”seeing,“ as being to notice (n. 6732); and from the signification of ”burdens,“ as being infestations by falsities; for the burdens which were laid upon the sons of Israel by Pharaoh are in the spiritual sense nothing else.  ”Pharaoh“ denotes false memory-knowledge (n. 6651, 6679, 6683); and infestation by falsities are nothing else than burdens to those who are in truths.  How the case is with infestations by falsities, which are burdens to those who are in truths, cannot be known by man during his life in the world; for he is not then so infested, because his mind then either cleaves to falsities or shakes them off, and this without infestation being felt.  But in the other life, when those who are in truths are infested by falsities, they are then held by evil spirits as it were bound in them; but the interiors of the mind are held in truths by the Lord, by which truths the falsities are shaken off.  The state of infestations by falsities, such as exists in the other life, is here meant in the internal sense, as are many other things; for the Word has been written not for man only, but also for spirits and angels.

AC 6758. And he saw an Egyptian man smiting a Hebrew man. That this signifies alienated memory-knowledge endeavoring to destroy the truth of the church, is evident from the signification of an ”Egyptian,“ as being memory-knowledge alienated from truth (n. 6692); from the signification of ”smiting,“ as being to destroy, here to attempt to destroy, because falsities cannot destroy truths; and from the signification of a ”Hebrew man,“ as being the truth of the church, for by a ”man“ is signified truth (n. 3134), and by a ”Hebrew,“ the church (n. 6675, 6684).

AC 6759. One of his brethren.  That this signifies with which he was conjoined, is evident from the signification of ”brethren,“ as being the truths of the church (n. 6756); and as he himself was in these, and it was the truths which are signified by his ”brethren“ with whom he was conjoined, therefore here, by reason of the connection of things in the internal sense, there is meant conjunction.

AC 6760. And he looked forth hither and thither, and saw that there was no man.  That this signifies foresight as to whether he was in safety, can be seen without explication.

AC 6761. And he smote the Egyptian.  That this signifies that he destroyed the alienated memory-knowledge, is evident from the signification of ”smiting,“ as being to destroy (n. 6758); and from the signification of the ”Egyptian,“ as being memory-knowledge alienated from truth (n. 6692).

AC 6762. And hid him in the sand.  That this signifies that he banished it to where falsities are, is evident from the signification of ”hiding,“ as being to banish; and from the signification of ”sand,“ as being true memory-knowledge, and in the opposite sense false memory-knowledge.  That ”sand“ has this signification, is because ”stone,“ from which is sand, signifies both (n. 1298, 3720, 3769, 3771, 3773, 3789, 3798, 6426). Truth is also signified by ”sand“ in Moses:--

Zebulun and Issachar shall call the peoples into the mountain, and shall sacrifice sacrifices of righteousness; for they shall suck the affluence of the sea, and the hidden things of the secrets of the sand (Deut. 33:18, 19);

”to call the peoples into the mountain“ denotes to cause truths to become goods, or faith charity; for ”peoples“ denote the truths of faith, and ”mountain“ the good of charity; ”to sacrifice the sacrifices of righteousness“ denotes worship from charity; ”to suck the affluence of the sea“ denotes to abound in true memory-knowledges; ”the hidden things of the secrets of the sand“ denote the arcana of true memory-knowledges. And as the ”sand“ signifies true memory-knowledge, it also signifies in the opposite sense false memory-knowledge; for most things in the Word have also an opposite sense, and what the opposite sense is, is known from the genuine sense.  As regards this removal among falsities, which is signified by ”he hid him in the sand,“ the case is this.  When infernal spirits who are in falsities have been in the world of spirits, and have there attempted to destroy truths with those who are in temptation, they are afterward banished into the hells, whence they can no longer go out.  This it has been given me to know by many experiences.  Such is the signification of banishment among falsities.

AC 6763. And he went out the second day.  That this signifies conjunction again with the church, is evident from what was said above (n. 6756), where similar words occur.

AC 6764. And behold two Hebrew men quarreling.  That this signifies a noticing that within the church they were fighting among themselves, is evident from the signification of” behold,“ or ”to see,“ as being to notice (n. 2150, 3764, 4567, 4723, 5400); from the signification of ”Hebrew men,“ as being those who are of the church (n. 6758); and from the signification of ”quarreling,“ as being to fight.

AC 6765. And he said to the wicked one, Wherefore smitest thou thy companion?  That this signifies rebuke because one desired to destroy the faith of another, is evident from the signification of ”the wicked one,“ as being those who are not in the truth of faith, but are nevertheless within the church, for there are within the church those who are in the truth of faith, and there are those who are not in truth, as can be seen from various heresies, and those who are in heresy, or not in the truth of faith, are here meant by ”the wicked one;“ from the signification of ”smiting,“ as being to destroy (n. 6758); and from the signification of ”companion,“ as being one who is in the truth of faith.  For when by ”the wicked one“ is signified one who is not in the truth of faith, by ”companion“ is signified one who is in the truth of faith.  He is called ”companion,“ not ”brother,“ although both were Hebrews, because they were foes.  That rebuke is meant is evident.  The case herein is this.  When a man is being regenerated, he is let into combats against falsities, and is then kept by the Lord in truth, but in that truth which he had persuaded himself to be truth, and from this truth he fights against falsity.  He can fight also from truth not genuine, provided the truth is such that in some way it can be conjoined with good; and it is conjoined with good by means of innocence, for innocence is the means of conjunction.  Hence it is that men can be regenerated within the church from any doctrine, but those pre-eminently who are in genuine truths.

AC 6766. And he said, Who set thee for a man a prince and a judge over us?  That this signifies perception that he was not as yet so far advanced in the truths of faith as to settle differences within the church, is evident from the signification of ”he said,“ as being perception; and from the signification of ”a man a prince,“ as being one who is in primary truths, thus who has been preeminently enlightened in the doctrine of truth.  Such a one was meant in the representative church by ”a prince,“ and hence by the words ”Who set thee for a man a prince?“ is signified that he was not yet so far advanced in the truths of the church. A ”prince“ is one in primary truths, (n. 5044).  And from the significance of a ”judge,“ as being one who settles disputes or differences, here differences within the church, because between two Hebrew men, by whom are signified those who are of the church.

[2] In the supreme sense the subject treated of has been the beginnings of the law Divine in the Lord‘s Human, and now the subject treated of is the progress of this law; but in the internal sense the subject treated of now is the progress of Divine truth with the man who is being regenerated.  This progress is such that the man is for the first time enabled to discriminate between falsity and truth; for from the truth in which he is he can see falsity, because it is opposite; but he cannot at this first time settle differences between the truths of faith within the church; in order to be able to do this he must make further progress, for man is enlightened successively.  This is very evident from youths and young men, who believe the doctrinal things of their church to be truth itself, and from these judge of falsities, but as yet are not able to settle differences between matters of faith within the church.  This ability comes by degrees; and therefore a man to whom this is possible must be of a more advanced age, and must have the interiors of his understanding enlightened.

AC 6767. Sayest thou to kill me? That this signifies, wouldest thou destroy my faith? is evident from the signification of ”killing,“ as being to destroy; and from the signification of a ”Hebrew man,“ here meant by ”me,“ as being one who is of the church, thus also faith, for faith is of the church, and these two things are so united that he who destroys faith with anyone, destroys the church with him.  This also is ”killing“ him, for he who takes away faith, takes away spiritual life, the life which remains being that which is called ”death.“  Hence it is evident that by, ”Sayest thou to kill me?“ is signified, wouldest thou destroy my faith?

[2] That ”to kill“ denotes to take away spiritual life, is clear from many passages in the Word, as in Jeremiah:--

Drag them away as a sheep for the slaughter, and devote them for the day of killing. How long shall the land mourn and the herb of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts and the bird will be consumed (Jer. 12:3, 4);

”the day of killing“ denotes the time of the vastation of the church, when there is no longer any faith, because no charity; ”the land which shall mourn“ denotes the church; ”the herb of every field“ denotes every true memory-knowledge of the church; ”the beasts and the bird will be consumed“ denotes that goods and truths will be so. That the ”land“ is the church, see (n. 566, 662, 1067, 1262, 1413, 1607, 1733, 1850, 2117, 2118, 2928, 3355, 4335, 4447, 5577); that ”herb“ is true memory. knowledge is evident from the passages in the Word where ”herb“ is mentioned; that ”field“ is that which is of the church (n. 2971, 3310, 3766); that ”beasts“ are affections of good, thus goods, (n. 45, 46, 142, 143, 246, 714, 715, 719, 1823, 2179, 2180, 3218, 3519, 5198); and ”birds“ affections of truth, (n. 5149). Hence it can be seen what is the meaning of the above words, and also that there is a spiritual sense in every detail. Everyone can see that without an interior sense it could not be understood what is meant by ”a day of killing,“ by ”the earth mourning,“ by ”every herb of the field withering for the wickedness of those who dwell therein,“ and by ”the beasts and the bird being consumed.“

[3] In Zechariah:--

Thus said Jehovah my God, Feed the sheep of killing, which their possessors kill (Zech. 11:4, 5);

where ”the sheep of killing“ plainly denotes those whose faith the possessors destroy.  In Ezekiel:--

Thou hast profaned Me with My people, for handfuls of barley, and for pieces of bread, to kill the souls which ought not to die, and to keep the souls alive which ought not to live (Ezek. 13:19);

here also ”to kill“ plainly denotes to destroy spiritual life, that is, faith and charity.  In Isaiah:--

What will ye do in the day of visitation and of vastation?  beneath the bound, and beneath the killed shall they fall (Isa. 10:3, 4);

where the ”killed“ denote those who are in hell, thus who are in evils and falsities.

[4] Again:--

Thou art cast out of thy sepulchre like an abominable shoot, the raiment of the killed, of one pierced with the sword. Thou shalt not be united with them in the gave, because thou hast destroyed thy land, thou hast killed thy people (Isa. 14:19, 20);

”the killed“ denote those who are deprived of spiritual life; ”thou hast killed thy people“ denotes that he has destroyed the truths and goods of faith.  In John:--

The thief cometh not but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they may have life (John 10:10);

”to kill“ denotes to destroy the life of faith, and therefore it is said, ”I am come that they may have life.“ In Mark:--

The brother shall deliver the brother to death, and the father the children, and children shall rise up against their parents and shall kill them (Mark 13:12);

speaking of the last times of the church, when there is no longer any charity, and therefore not any faith; ”brother,“ ”children,“ and ”parents,“ in the internal sense, are the goods and truths of the church, and ”to kill“ is to destroy them.

[5] As by ”one killed“ was signified one deprived of spiritual life, and by ”field“ the church, therefore it was a statute in the representative church, that  If anyone touched on the surface of a field anyone pierced with a sword, or killed, he should be unclean seven days (Num. 19:16); that ”one pierced with a sword“ is truth extinguished by falsity, (n. 4503), for ”sword“ denotes falsity which extinguishes truth, (n. 2799, 4499, 6353).  In like manner this was a statute: If anyone was found killed in the land of inheritance, upon a field, and it should not be known who had killed him, the elders and judges were to measure between the cities round about, and having thus found the nearest city, they were to take a calf and were to behead it by a running stream; besides other particulars (Deut. 21:1-10)

AC 6768. As thou killedst the Egyptian.  That this signifies as thou hast destroyed falsity, is evident from the signification of ”killing,“ as being to destroy (n. 6767); and from the signification of ”the Egyptian,“ as being memory-knowledge alienated from truth, thus falsity (n. 6692, 6758, 6761).

AC 6769. And Moses feared, and said, Surely the word is known. That this signifies that he was among alienated memory-knowledges, and not yet in truths so as to be safe, is evident from the signification of ”fearing,“ as being not to be in safety, for then there is fear.  That he is not in safety is because he is not in truths; for they who are in truths are in safety wherever they go, even in the midst of the hells.  That they who are not yet in truths are not in safety is because things not true communicate with evil spirits.  These things are signified by the words, ”Moses feared, and said, Surely the word is known,“  that is, to the Egyptians among whom he was, as is also evident from what presently follows-that ”Pharaoh heard this word and sought to kill Moses.“

AC 6770. Verses 15-19. And Pharaoh heard this word, and he sought to kill Moses. And Moses fled from before Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian; and he dwelt by a well. And the priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came, and drew, and filled the troughs, to give drink to their father’s flock.  And the shepherds came, and drove them away; and Moses arose, and helped them; and he gave drink to their flock. And they came unto Reuel their father, and he said, Wherefore hasted ye to come today? And they said, An Egyptian man delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds; and also drawing he drew for us, and gave drink to the flock. ”And Pharaoh heard this word, and he sought to kill Moses,“ signifies that false memory-knowledge, noticing this, willed to destroy the truth which is of the law from the Divine; ”and Moses fled from before Pharaoh,“ signifies that it was being separated from falsities; ”and dwelt in the land of Midian,“ signifies life in the church with those who are in simple good; ”and he dwelt by a well,“ signifies study there in the Word; ”and the priest of Midian had seven daughters,“ signifies the holy things of that church; ”and they came, and drew,“ signifies that they were instructed in truths from the Word; ”and filled the troughs,“ signifies that from this they enriched the doctrine of charity; ”to give drink to their father‘s flock,“ signifies that thereby they who were in good were instructed; ”and the shepherds came, and drove them away,“ signifies that the teachers who were in evils set themselves in opposition; ”and Moses arose and helped them,“ signifies aid from the truths which are of the law from the Divine; ”and he gave drink to their flock,“ signifies that from this they who are in good were instructed; ”and they came unto Reuel their father,“ signifies conjunction with the good itself of that church; ”and he said, Wherefore hasted ye to come today?“ signifies perception that now conjunction was sure; ”and they said, An Egyptian man delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds,“ signifies because true memory-knowledge, which is of the church, prevailed over the power of the doctrine of falsity from evil; ”and also drawing he drew for us,“ signifies that he instructed from the Word; ”and gave drink to the flock,“ signifies those who were of the church there.

AC 6771. And Pharaoh heard this word, and he sought to kill Moses.  That this signifies that false memory-knowledge, noticing this, willed to destroy the truth of the law from the Divine, is evident from the signification of ”to hear,“ as being to notice (n. 5017); from the representation of Pharaoh, as being memory-knowledge that is opposed to the truths of the church, thus falsity (n. 6651, 6679, 6683); from the signification of ”to kill,“ as being to destroy (n. 6767), thus ”to seek to kill“ is to will to destroy; and from the representation of Moses, as being the law Divine and truth Divine (n. 6752), thus truth which is of the law Divine. It is said ”truth of the law Divine,“ not ”the law Divine,“ because the subject treated of is still the progress of the law Divine in the Lord’s Human. From all this it is evident that by ”Pharaoh heard this word and sought to kill Moses“ is signified that false memory-knowledge, noticing this, willed to destroy the truth which is of the law Divine.

AC 6772. And  Moses fled from before Pharaoh.  That this signifies that it was separated from falsities, is evident from the signification of ”fleeing,“ as being to be separated; and from the representation of Moses, as being truth which is of the law from the Divine (n. 6771).  Here now begins the fifth state of the progression of the law Divine in the Lord‘s Human, and in the relative sense of the progression of truth Divine with the man who is being regenerated, which is a state of separation from falsities, and of adjunction with the truths of simple good.  Afterward follows the sixth state, which is that of adjunction with good.

AC 6773. And he dwelt in the land of Midian.  That this signifies life among those who are in simple good, is evident from the signification of ”to dwell,“ as being life (n. 1293, 3384, 3613, 4451, 6051); and from the signification of ”Midian,“ as being those who are in the truths of simple good (n. 3242, 4756, 4788).  It is said ”the land,“ because the church is signified, there these persons are. ”Land“ is the church, (n. 6767).

AC 6774. And he dwelt by a well.  That this signifies study there In the Word, is evident from the signification of ”to dwell,“ as being life (n. 6773), here, the study of the life; and from the signification of a ”well,“ as being the Word (n. 2702, 3424). The Word is sometimes called a ”well,“ sometimes a ”fountain;“ when called a ”well,“ the Word is signified as to the literal sense, and when a ”fountain,“ the Word is signified as to the internal sense (n. 3765). He is here said ”to dwell by a well,“ because the Word is signified as to the literal sense; for this is the first sense with those who are being regenerated and are advancing to truth Divine, who are here treated of in the internal sense. They also who are in the truths of simple good, who are here meant by ”Midian,“ care for no other sense than the literal.

AC 6775. And the priest of Midian had seven daughters. That this signifies the holy things of that church, is evident from the signification of the ”daughters of a priest,“as being the things of the church. ”Daughter’ is the church, (n. 2362, 3963, 6729); and “priest” is the good of love, (n. 1728, 3670, 6148); thus by the “daughters of a priest,” is signified the church as to good; from the signification of “Midian,” as being those who are in the truths of simple good (n. 6773); and from the signification of “seven,” as being what is holy (n. 395, 433, 716, 881, 5265, 5268).  Thus by “the priest of Midian had seven daughters” are signified the holy things of the church with those who are in the truths of simple good. Those are said to be in simple good who are in the externals of the church, and in simplicity believe the Word as to its literal sense, each according to his apprehension, and who also live according to what they believe, thus in good such as are their truths.  The internal of the church flows in with them through good, but as they are not in interior truths, the good that flows in becomes general, thus obscure; for spiritual light cannot there flow into the singulars, and thus clearly enlighten things.  They who are of this character in the other life have heaven bestowed on them according to the quality of the good from the truths.  Such are they who are here meant by “Midian;” but in the proper sense they are people out of the church, who live in good according to their religiosity.

AC 6776. And they came, and drew.  That this signifies that they were being instructed in truths from the Word, is evident from the signification of “drawing,” as being to be instructed in the truths of faith, and to be enlightened (n. 3058, 3071). That this was from the Word, is signified by the “well” from which they drew. A “well” is the Word, (n. 6774).

AC 6777. And they filled the troughs.  That this signifies that from this they enriched the doctrine of charity, is evident from the signification of“ filling from a well,” as being to enrich from this, or from the Word; and from the signification of a “trough,” as being the doctrine of charity.  That a “trough” or “basin” is the doctrine of charity, is because it is a trough of wood into which water is drawn from a well to give drink to flocks; for what is of “wood” in the internal sense signifies the good of charity (n. 3720); “to draw” signifies to be instructed (n. 3058, 3071); the “water” which is drawn, signifies the truth of faith (n. 2702, 3058, 4976, 5668); the “well” from which it is drawn signifies the Word (n. 2702, 3424, 6774); and “to give drink to the flocks” signifies to instruct in good from the Word (n. 3772). From all this it is evident that a “trough” is the doctrine of charity.

AC 6778. To give drink to their father‘s flock.  That this signifies that thereby they who were in good were instructed, is evident from the signification of “to give to drink,” as being to instruct (n. 3772); from the signification of “flock,” as being those who learn and are led to the good of charity (n. 343, 3772, 5913, 6048); and from the representation of Reuel, who is here the “father,” and who was a “priest,” as being the good of that church where are they who are in the truth of simple good (n. 6773, 6775).

AC 6779. And the shepherds came, and drove them away. That this signifies that the teachers who were in evils set themselves in opposition, is evident from the signification of “shepherds,” as being those who teach and lead to the good of charity (n. 343, 3795, 6044), here those who teach, but as they are in evils do not lead to the good of charity; from the signification of “driving away,” as being to set themselves against; and from the signification of “daughters,” who are those whom they drove away, as being the things of the church (n. 6775).  By “shepherds” are here indeed signified those who teach, but who do not lead to the good of charity, because they are in evils.  For those who are in evils never acknowledge that charity and its works contribute to salvation, because they cannot acknowledge what is contrary to their life, as this would be contrary to themselves.  And because they are in evils, they do not even know what charity is, nor therefore what the works of charity are. They teach faith; by this they justify; and by it they promise heaven.  These are they who set themselves against the doctrine of charity which is from the Word, consequently against those who are in the truth of simple good, who are signified by the “daughters of the priest of Midian,” whom the shepherds drove away from the well, after they had drawn and filled the troughs to give drink to the flock.

AC 6780. And Moses stood up and helped them.  That this signifies aid from the truths which are of the law from the Divine, is evident from the representation of Moses, as being truth which is of the law from the Divine (n. 6771); and from the signification of “helping,” as being to, bring aid.

AC 6781. And he gave drink to their flock.  That this signifies that from this they who were in good were instructed, is evident from the signification of “to give to drink,” as being to instruct (n. 3069, 3092, 3772); and from the signification of a “flock,” as being those who learn and are led to the good of charity (n. 343, 3772, 5913, 6048); thus those who are in good.

AC 6782. And they came to Reuel their father.  That this signifies conjunction with the good itself of that church, is evident from the signification of “coming to” anyone, as being to be conjoined; and from the representation of Reuel, as being good, because he was a priest. A “priest” is the good of love, (n. 1728, 3670, 6148). The conjunction which is here signified, is that of the truths of the church with its good.

AC 6783. And he said, Wherefore hasted ye to come today?  That this signifies perception that now conjunction was sure, is evident from the signification of “saying,” in the historicals of the Word, as being perception; and from the signification of “hasting to come,” as being sure conjunction. “To hasten” denotes what is sure, (n. 5284); and “to come” is conjunction, (n. 6782). Here sure conjunction is not meant by the daughters hasting to come to their father, but by the truth which is of the law from the Divine, which is represented by Moses: this is what was perceived.

AC 6784. And they said, An Egyptian man delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds.  That this signifies because true memory-knowledge, which was adjoined to the church, prevailed over the power of the doctrine of falsity from evil, is evident from the signification of “an Egyptian man,” as being true memory-knowledge; for by a “man” is signified truth (n. 3134), and by an “Egyptian” memory-knowledge (n. 1164, 1165, 1186, 1462, 4749, 4964, 4966, 4967, 5700, 6004, 6692). That Moses is here called “an Egyptian man,” is because by Moses is here represented truth such as they have who are in truth of simple good, which is signified by the “daughters of the priest of Midian.” They are in such truth because they are men of the external church (n. 6775); therefore also it is said, “true memory-knowledge which was adjoined to the church.” And from the signification of “delivering from the hand of the shepherds,” as being that true memory-knowledge prevailed over the power of falsity from evil; for “to deliver” is to prevail, because he who delivers out of the hand of others, prevails over them. The “hand” is power, (n. 878, 3387, 4931-4937, 5327, 5328, 5544); and “shepherds” are teachers, here teachers of falsity from evil, (n. 6779); and because they are teachers, they are also such doctrine).

[2] That true memory-knowledge prevails over the power of the doctrine of falsity from evil, is because the Divine is in all truth from good, whereas in falsity from evil there is the contrary, and what is contrary to the Divine does not prevail at all.  Therefore in the other life a thousand who are in falsity from evil prevail not at all against one who is in truth from good; but at the presence of this one the thousand flee, and if they do not flee they are tortured and tormented.  It is said falsity from evil, because this is truly falsity, whereas falsity not from evil, but from ignorance of the truth, is not so. Evil is that which is opposite to heaven, but not falsity from ignorance; nay, if in the ignorance there is anything of innocence, then this falsity is accepted by the Lord as truth; for they who are in such falsity receive truth.

AC 6785. And also drawing he drew for us.  That this signifies that he instructed from the Word, is evident from the signification of“ drawing,” as being to instruct in the truths of faith, and to be enlightened (n. 3058, 3071).  That it was from the Word, is signified by the “well” from which they drew. A “well” is the Word, (n. 6774).

AC 6786. And gave drink to the flock.  That this signifies those who are of the church there, is evident from the signification of “flock,” as being those who are in good, and who suffer themselves to be instructed (n. 343, 3772, 5913, 6048); here those who are of the church there, who, as was shown above, are they who are in the truth of simple good, and are signified by “Midian.” “Flock” signifies both good, and the church, that is, those who are in good and are of the church, because the two are so conjoined that one cannot be separated from the other; for he who is in the good of faith is a church, and he who is a church is in the good of faith.

AC 6787. Verses 20-22.  And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is this that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.  And Moses was willing to dwell with the man; and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.  And she bare a son, and he called his name Gershom; for he said, I have been a sojourner in a strange land.  “And he said unto his daughters,” signifies thought concerning the holy things of the church; “and where is he? why is this that ye have left the man?”  signifies how without that truth could they be conjoined with the good of the church; “call him,” signifies that it must be conjoined; “that he may eat bread,” signifies confirmation in good; “and Moses was willing to dwell with the man,” signifies that they were in agreement; “and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter,” signifies that he adjoined to it the good of his church; “and she bare a son,” signifies truths thence; “and he called his name Gershom,” signifies their quality; “for he said, I have been a sojourner in a strange land,” signifies that he was instructed in truths in a church not his own.

AC 6788. And he said unto his daughters.  That this signifies thought concerning the holy things of the church, is evident from the signification of “saying,” as being thought (n. 3395); and from the signification of “daughters,” as being the holy things of the church (n. 6775).  The holy things which are here signified by “daughters” are truths.  In the Word these are called “holy,” by reason that the truths which with man become truths of faith, are from good; and because that which proceeds from the Lord’s Divine Human is Divine truth from Divine good.  Hence it is that the “Holy Spirit” is the holy which proceeds from the Lord; for the Spirit itself does not proceed, but the holy which the Spirit speaks, as everyone can understand who considers the matter. That the Holy Spirit, which is also called the “Paraclete,” is the Divine truth proceeding from the Lord‘s Divine Human, and that the holy is predicated of the Divine truth, is evident from the Lord’s words in John:--

I will ask the Father that He shall give you another Paraclete, that He may abide with you forever; even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth Him not, neither knoweth Him. The Paraclete, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things, and shall remind you of all things which I have said unto you (John 14:16, 17, 26).

When the Paraclete is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, who goeth out from the Father, He shall testify of Me (John 15:26).

When He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He shall lead you into all truth; He shall not speak from Himself, but what things soever He shall hear, He shall speak. He shall glorify Me; for He shall take of Mine, and shall declare it unto you.  All things whatsoever the Father hath are Mine; therefore said I, that He shall take of Mine, and shall declare it unto you (John. 16:13-15).

If these passages are collated with many others, it can he understood that the Holy Spirit is the holy which proceeds from the Lord‘s Divine Human; for the Lord says, “Whom the Father shall send in My name;” also, “Whom I will send unto you from the Father;” and further, “He shall take of Mine and declare it unto you; all things that the Father hath are Mine, therefore said 1, that He shall take of Mine, and shall declare it unto you.” It is also evident that the holy is predicated of truth, for the Paraclete is called the “Spirit of truth.”

AC 6789. And where is he? why is this that ye have left the man?  That this signifies how without that truth could they he conjoined with the good of the church, is evident from the signification of an “Egyptian,” who is here “the man whom they had left,” as being true memory-knowledge (n. 6784); and from the signification of “why is this that ye have left the man?” as being how without that truth could they be conjoined with good, for “to leave the man” here denotes not to be able to be conjoined.

[2] How the case herein is, shall be told. True memory-knowledge, which is here represented by Moses, is the truth of the external church; this truth arises from the truth which is of the law from the Divine, which truth also is “Moses” (n. 6771, 6780), and the truth which is of the law from the Divine is the truth of the internal church.  Unless external truth is from internal truth, it cannot be conjoined with good.  Take the Word as an illustration.  Unless the internal of the Word flows in with those who read the Word and abide in the literal sense, no conjunction is effected of truth from the Word with good; and the internal of the Word flows in and is conjoined with good when the man esteems the Word holy; and he esteems it holy when he is in good.

[3] Take as another illustration the Holy Supper.  Scarcely any know that the “bread” therein signifies the Lord’s love toward the universal human race, and the reciprocity of man; and that the “wine” signifies charity.  Nevertheless, with those who receive the bread and wine holily, conjunction is effected with heaven and with the Lord through these; and the goods of love and charity flow in through the angels, who then do not thing of bread and wine, but of love and charity (n. 3464, 3735, 5915). Hence it is evident that external truth is conjoined with internal truth when the man is in good, without his knowing it.

AC 6790. Call him.  That this signifies that it should be conjoined, is evident from the signification of “calling,” as being to be conjoined (n. 6047).

AC 6791. That he may eat bread.  That this signifies confirmation in good, is evident from the signification of “bread,” as being the good of love (n. 2165, 2177, 3478, 3735, 3813, 4211, 4217, 4735).  That “to eat bread” denotes confirmation in good, is because by “eating” is here meant an eating together, which in the Word is called a “feast.” Eating together or feasts took place among the ancients within the church for the sake of conjunction, and of confirmation in good (n. 3596, 3832, 5161).

AC 6792. And Moses was willing to dwell with the man. That this signifies that they were in agreement, is evident from the representation of Moses, as here being true memory-knowledge (n. 6784); from the signification of “dwelling,” as being to live (n. 1293, 3384, 3613), and of “dwelling with” anyone, as being to live together (n. 4451), consequently to be in agreement; and from the signification of a “man,” as being the truth of the good of that church. A “man” is truth, (n. 3134).

AC 6793. And he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.  That this signifies that he adjoined to it the good of his church, is evident from the signification of “giving,” namely, to wife, as being to adjoin; from the signification of “daughter,” as being good (n. 489-491), and also the church (n. 2362, 3963, 6729), “Zipporah” signifying the quality of the good of that church; and from the representation of Moses, as being true memory-knowledge (n. 6784).

AC 6794. And she bare a son.  That this signifies truths thence derived, is evident from the signification of “bearing,” as being said of the things of the church, which are faith and charity, these births springing from the heavenly marriage, which is that of good and truth, which marriage is represented by marriages on earth; and from the signification of a “son,” as being truth (n. 489, 491, 533, 2623, 3373).

AC 6795. And he called his name Gershom.  That this signifies the quality thereof, namely, of truths, is evident from the signification of a “name,” and of “calling by name,” as being the quality (n. 144, 145, 1754, 2009, 2724, 3006, 3421, 6674). The name “Gershom” involves the quality of these truths, namely, that they are those in which he was instructed in a church not his own, as now follows.

AC 6796. For he said, I have been a sojourner in a strange land.  That this signifies that he was instructed in truths in a church not his own, is evident from the signification of “to be a sojourner,” as being one who is instructed in the things of the church; and from the signification of “land,” as being the church (n. 662, 1067, 1262, 1733, 1850, 2117, 2118, 2928, 3355, 4447, 4535, 5577); hence “a strange land” is a church not one‘s own.

AC 6797. Verses 23-25.  And it came to pass in these many days that the king of Egypt died, and the sons of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. And God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.  And God saw the sons of Israel, and God took knowledge.  “And it came to pass in these many days,” signifies after many changes of state; “that the king of Egypt died,” signifies the end of the former falsity; “and the sons of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage,” signified sorrow on account of the attempt to subjugate the truth of the church; “and they cried,” signifies entreaty; “and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage,” signifies that they were heard; “and God heard their groaning,” signifies aid; “and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob,” signifies by reason of conjunction with the church through the Lord’s Divine Human; “and God saw the sons of Israel,” signifies that He endowed the church with faith; “and God took knowledge,” signifies that He endowed with charity.

AC 6798. And it came to pass in these many days.  That this signifies after many changes of state, is evident from the signification of “days,” as being states (n. 23, 487, 488, 493, 893, 2788, 3462, 3785, 4850); thus “came to pass in many days” denotes after many states, that is, after many changes of state.

AC 6799. That the king of Egypt died.  That this signifies the end of the former falsity, is evident from the signification of “dying,” as being to cease to be (n. 494, 6587, 6593), thus the end; and from the representation of Pharaoh, or the king of Egypt, as being false memory-knowledge (n. 6651, 6679, 6683, 6692).

AC 6800. And the sons of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage.  That this signifies sorrow by reason of the attempt to subjugate the truth of the church, is evident from the signification of “sighing,” as being sorrow; from the representation of the sons of Israel, as being the truths of the church (n. 5414, 5879, 5951) and from the signification of “bondage,” as being an attempt to subjugate (n. 6666, 6670, 6671)

AC 6801. And they cried.  That this signifies entreaty, is evident without explication.

AC 6802. And their cry came up unto God by reason of their bondage.  That this signifies that they were heard, is also evident without explication, for the statement follows that “God heard their groaning, and remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.”

AC 6803. And God heard their groaning.  That this signifies aid, is evident from the signification of “to hear,” as being to obey (n. 2542, 3869, 4652-4660, 5017), but when said of the Lord it denotes to provide and bring aid, for the Lord hears him to whom He brings aid; and from the signification of “groaning,” as being sorrow by reason of the attempt to subjugate by falsities.

AC 6804. And God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.  That this signifies by reason of conjunction with the church through the Lord‘s Divine Human, is evident from the signification of “covenant,” as being conjunction; and from the representation of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, with whom a covenant was made, as being the Lord’s Divine Human. That Abraham represents the Lord as to the Divine Itself, Isaac as to the Divine rational, and Jacob as to the Divine natural, see (n. 1893, 2011, 2066, 2072, 2083, 2630, 3194, 3210, 3245, 3251, 3305, 3439, 3576, 3599, 3704, 4180, 4286, 4538, 4570, 4615, 6098, 6185, 6276, 6425). That where mention is made of “Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob” in the Word, in the spiritual sense these men are not meant, can be seen from the fact that names never penetrate into heaven, but only what is signified by those who are named, thus the things themselves, their quality and their states, which are of the church and of the Lord‘s kingdom, and which are of the Lord Himself.

[2] And moreover the angels in heaven never determine their thoughts to the individual persons, for this would be to limit the thoughts, and to withdraw them from the universal perception of the things, from which is angelic speech. Hence what the angels speak in heaven is unutterable to man, and far above his thought, which is not extended to universals, but confined to particulars. When therefore we read this:--

Many shall come from the east and the west, and shall recline with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of the heavens (Matt. 8:11);

the angels perceive the Lord’s presence and the appropriation of the truth and good which proceed from His Divine Human. Also when we read that  Lazarus was taken up into Abraham‘s bosom (Luke 16:22);  the angels perceive that he was taken up into heaven where the Lord is present.  Hence also it can be seen that by the “covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,” in the internal sense is meant conjunction through the Lord’s Divine Human.

[3] That the Divine Human is a “covenant,” that is, conjunction itself, can be seen from many passages in the Word, as:--

I will give Thee for a covenant to the people, for a light of the nations (Isa. 42:6).

I gave Thee for a covenant of the people, to restore the land, to divide the wasted heritages (Isa. 49:8).

Incline your ear, and come unto Me; hear and your soul shall live; so will I make a covenant of eternity with you, even the sure mercies of David. Behold I have given Him for a witness to the peoples, a prince and a lawgiver to the nations (Isa. 55:3, 4).

The Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to His temple; and the Angel of the covenant whom ye desire, behold He cometh (Mal. 3:1).

He hath put for Me a covenant of eternity, to be disposed for all and to be kept (2 Sam. 23:5).

[4] In these passages the Lord is plainly treated of, and the conjunction of the human race with the Divine Itself of the Lord through His Divine Human.  It is known in the church that the Lord as to the Divine Human is the Mediator, and that no one can come to the Divine Itself, which is in the Lord and is called the Father, except through the Son, that is, through the Divine Human.  Thus the Lord as to the Divine Human is the conjunction.  who can comprehend the Divine Itself by any thought? and if he cannot comprehend It in thought, who can be conjoined with It in love? but everyone can comprehend the Divine Human in thought, and be conjoined with It in love.

[5] That a “ covenant” denotes conjunction can be seen from the covenants made between kingdoms, n that by these they are joined together; and that there are stipulations on each side, which are to be kept, in order that the conjunction may be inviolate.  These stipulations or compacts are also called a “covenant.” The stipulations or compacts which in the Word are called a covenant,“ are on the part of man, in a close sense, the ten commandments, or Decalogue; in a wider sense they are all the statutes, commandments, laws, testimonies, precepts, which the Lord enjoined from Mount Sinai through Moses; and in a sense still more wide they are the books of Moses, the contents of which were to be observed on the part of the sons of Israel. On the part of the Lord the ”covenant“ is mercy and election.

[6] That the ten commandments of Decalogue are a ”covenant,“ is evident from the following passages:--

Jehovah hath told you His covenant, which He commanded you to do, the ten words which He wrote on two tables of stone (Deut. 4:13, 23).

And because the two tables of stone, on which the ten commandments were written, were stored up in the ark (Exod. 25:16, 21, 22; 31:18; 32:15, 16, 19; 40:20), therefore the ark was called the ”ark of the covenant“ (Deut. 31:9, 24-26; Josh. 3:3, 6, 14; 4:7; Judg. 20:27; 2 Sam. 15:24; 1 Kings 8:21). In the last passage cited, Solomon thus speaks:--There I have set a place for the ark, wherein is the covenant of Jehovah which He made with our fathers.  And in John:--

The temple of God was opened in heaven; and there was seen in His temple the ark of His covenant (Rev. 11:19).

[7] That all the judgments and statutes which the Lord commanded through Moses to the people of Israel, were called the ”covenant,“ as were also the books of Moses themselves, is evident from the following passages:--

After the mouth of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel (Exod. 34:27);

the things which are here called a ”covenant“ were the many in regard to sacrifices, feasts, and unleavened bread.

Moses took the book of the covenant, and read in the ears of the people, who said, All that Jehovah hath spoken we will do and hear (Exod. 24:7, 8).

Josiah king of Judah in the house of Jehovah in the presence of them all read the words of the book of the covenant that was found in the house of Jehovah. And he made a covenant before Jehovah, to establish the words of the covenant written in that hook; and all the people stood to the covenant. The King commanded all the people that they should perform the passover to Jehovah God, as it is written in this book of the covenant (2 Kings 23:2, 3, 21).

If thy sons will keep My covenant and My testimony that I have taught them, their sons also shall sit on thy throne forevermore (Ps. 132:12).

[8] That a ”covenant“ denotes conjunction through love and faith, is evident from these passages:--

Behold the days come, said Jehovah, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah; not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, because they rendered My covenant vain; but this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days: I will put My law in the midst of them, and I will write it on their heart; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people (Jer. 31:31-33);

”to put a law in the midst of them, and to write it on their heart,“ is to endow with faith and charity; through faith and charity the conjunction is made which is described by the words, ”I will be their God, and they shall be My people.“  I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will no more turn away from them; and I will do well to them; and I will put My fear in their heart, that they shall not depart from Me (Jer. 32:40); conjunction through love, which is the ”covenant,“ is signified by, ”I will put My fear in their heart, that they shall not depart from Me.“

[9] In Ezekiel:--

I will make a covenant of peace with them, a covenant of eternity it shall be with them; and I will give them, and multiply them, and will set My sanctuary in the midst of them; and My habitation shall be with them, and I will be their God, and thy shall be My people (Ezek. 37:26, 27);

here conjunction through love and faith, which are a ”covenant,“ is described by ”a sanctuary in the midst of them,“ and by ”a habitation with them,“ and by the words, ”I will be their God, and they shall be My people.“

When I passed by thee, and saw thee, that behold it was thy time, the time of loves, and I entered into a covenant with thee, that thou shouldest be Mine (Ezek. 16:8);

speaking of Jerusalem, whereby is signified the Ancient Church; that ”to enter into a covenant that thou shouldest be Mine,“ is marriage, or spiritual conjunction, is plain.  As a ”covenant“ signifies conjunction, a wife is also called ”a wife of the covenant“ (Mal. 2:14); and conjunction among brethren is called ”the covenant of brethren“ (Amos 1:9).  By ”covenant“ is also signified conjunction in David:

I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn to David My servant (Ps. 89:3).

[10] That the compact of a covenant on the part of the Lord is mercy and election, is evident in these passages:

All the ways of Jehovah are mercy and truth to such as keep His covenant and His testimonies (Ps. 25:10)

The mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but My mercy shall not depart, and the covenant of My peace shall not be removed, saith thy compassionate One, Jehovah (Isa. 54:10)

Jehovah thy God, He is God, the faithful God, keeping covenant and mercy with them that love Him, and that keep His commandments, to the thousandth generation (Deut. 7:9, 12).

If ye will keep My covenant, ye shall be unto Me for a peculiar treasure from all peoples (Exod. 19:5),

I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and will establish My covenant with you (Lev. 26:9),

”to have respect unto them“ is of mercy; ”to make them fruitful and multiply them“ is to endow them with charity and faith; they who are endowed with these gifts are called the ”elect;“ so that these are words of election; and also the words ”they shall be for a peculiar treasure.“

[11] Signs of a covenant existed also in the representative church, and were such as reminded of conjunction, Circumcision was such a sign (Gen. 17:11); for ”circumcision“ signified purification from filthy loves, on the removal of which, heavenly love is insinuated, through which is conjunction, The Sabbath is also called ”an eternal covenant“ (Exod. 31:16).  It is said also that ”the show-bread should be to the sons of Israel for an eternal covenant“ (Lev. 24:8 ) and especially the ”blood“, as is evident from these passages:--

Moses took the book of the covenant, and read in the ears of the people, who said, All that Jehovah hath spoken we will do and hear; then Moses took the blood of the peace sacrifice, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant which Jehovah hath made with you over all these words (Exod. 24:7, 8),

By the blood of Thy covenant I will send forth the bound out of the pit wherein is no water (Zech. 9:11 )

Blood was a covenant, or the token of a covenant, because it signified conjunction through spiritual love, that is, through charity toward the neighbor; therefore when the Lord instituted the Holy Supper, He called His blood the ”blood of the new covenant“ (Matt. 26:28).  From all this it can now be seen what is meant by a ”covenant“ in the Word in the internal sense.

AC 6805. And God saw the sons of Israel.  That this signifies that He endowed the church with faith, is evident from the signification of ”seeing,“ as being to have faith (n. 897, 2325, 280, 3863, 3869, 4403-4421, 5400); hence ”God saw“ denotes to endow with faith, for faith is from God; and from the signification of the ”sons of Israel,“ as being the church (n. 6637).

AC 6806. And God took knowledge.  That this signifies that He endowed with charity, is evident from the signification of ”knowing,“ when predicated of God, that is, of the Lord, as being to endow with charity; for it is charity which conjoins the Lord with man, and causes the Lord to be present with him, consequently to know hint.  The Lord indeed knows all in the universe, but not as a father his sons except those who are in the good of love and charity.

[2] Therefore the Lord says of those who are in good, whom He calls His ”sheep“:--

I am the good shepherd, and I know Mine own, and I am known of Mine. My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me (John 10:14, 27).

But of those who are in evil, the Lord says that He ”does not know them,“ in these passages:--

Many will say to Me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied through Thy name, and through Thy name have cast out demons, and in Thy name done many mighty deeds?  But then will I confess to them, I know you not: depart from Me, ye workers of iniquity (Matt. 7:22, 23).

At last came also the other virgins saying. Lord, Lord, open to us.  But He answering said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not (Matt. 25:11, 12).

When once the master of the house hath risen up, and hath shut to the door, then will ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us; but He shall answer and say to you, I know you not whence ye are; then shall ye begin to say, We have eaten and drunk in Thy presence, and Thou hast taught in our streets; but He shall say, I say to you, I know you not whence ye are; depart from Me, all ye workers of iniquity (Luke 13:25-27).

Hence it is plain that ”to be known,“ when said of the Lord, is to be in the good of charity, that is, to be endowed with that good, because all the good of charity comes from the Lord; and that ”not to be known“ is to be in evil.

[3] ”To know“ involves conjunction, and man is said to be ”known“ by the Lord in so far as he is conjoined with Him.  The Lord also knows those who are not conjoined, nay, the very smallest particulars in every such man (John 2:24, 25); but these men being in evil, are in a different kind of presence, which is as it were absence; although the Lord is not absent, but the man and the spirit who is in evil is he who is absent; and then it is said that the Lord ”does not know“ them.  An image of this condition appears among angels and spirits: they who are alike as to states of life appear near each other, and thus mutually know each other; but they who are unlike as to states of life, appear to each other to be far away, nor do they know each other in the same way.  In a word, in the other life likeness of state causes people to appear present, and to be known; and unlikeness of state causes them to appear absent, and not to be known.

ON THE SPIRITS OF THE PLANET MERCURY

AC 6807. That the universal heaven bears relation to a man, which has been called the Grand Man, and that each and all things in man, both his exteriors and his interiors, correspond to that man, or to heaven, has been shown at the close of many chapters.  But they who come into the other life from this earth, being relatively few, are not sufficient to constitute this Grand Man: there must be others from many other earths; and it is provided by the Lord that as soon as the nature or the amount of the correspondence is lacking anywhere, there shall be straight-way summoned from some earth those who will make up the deficiency, in order that the proportion may be maintained, and that in this way heaven may stand firm.

AC 6808. What the spirits of the planet Mercury bear relation to in the Grand Man, has also been disclosed to me from heaven, namely, the memory, but the memory of things that are abstracted from what is earthly and merely material.  But as it has been given me to speak with them, and this for many weeks, and to learn their quality, and to explore the condition of those who are in that earth, I would present the actual experiences.

AC 6809. They once came to me and searched the things in my memory. Spirits can do this with the utmost skill; for when they come to a man, they see in his memory everything he knows. When therefore the spirits of Mercury searched out various things, and among others the cities and places where I had been, I observed that they did not wish to know about the churches, palaces, houses, and streets; but only what I knew to have been done in these places, and also matters relating to the government there, and to the genius and manners of the inhabitants, with other things like these; for such things cling to the places that are in man‘s memory, and therefore when the places are excited, these other things also come up. I wondered at this character of the spirits of Mercury, and I therefore asked why they passed by the magnificent features of the places, and only searched out the facts and doings there? They said they have no delight in looking at material, bodily, and earthly things, but only at real ones.  From this it at once appeared that the spirits of that earth relate in the Grand Man to the memory of real things when abstracted from things material and earthly.

AC 6810. I have been told that their life in their own earth is of the same character, namely, that they care nothing for earthly and bodily things; but only for the statutes, laws, and governments of the nations there, and also for the things of heaven, which are innumerable.  And I was further told that many of the men of that earth speak with spirits, and from this have knowledges of spiritual realities, and of the states of life after death, and from this also they have contempt for bodily and earthly things.  For they who know with certainty and believe in a life after death, care for heavenly things, as being eternal and happy, and not for worldly things except in so far as the necessities of life require.

AC 6811. With what eagerness they search out and learn knowledges, such as are in the memory that is raised above the sensuous things of the body, was made evident to me from the fact that when they looked into what I knew about heavenly things, they ran over them all, continually saying, ”That is so-and-so, that is so-and-so.“ For when spirits come to a man, they enter into all his memory, and excite from it all that is suited to themselves; nay, as I have often observed, they read its contents as from a book. The spirits of Mercury did this with greater skill and quickness, because they looked at the real things themselves, and did not delay over such things as are slow, and which confine and consequently retard the internal sight, as do all earthly and bodily things when regarded as an end, that is, when loved in an extraordinary degree. For realities to which earthly things do not adhere bear the mind upward, thus into a wide field; whereas merely material things bear the mind downward, thus into a narrow one. Their eagerness to acquire knowledges also became evident in the following manner. Once when I was writing something about the future, and they were at a distance, so that they could not look at it from my memory, they were very indignant because I would not read it in their presence, and contrary to their usual behavior they desired to upbraid me, calling me the worst of men, and so forth; and in order to show their anger they induced a kind of contraction on the right side of my head as far as the ear, that was attended with pain. But such things did me no harm. But as the spirits had done evil they went still further off, and yet they waited; because they wanted to know what I had written about the future.  Such is their desire for knowledges.

AC 6812. Above all other spirits the spirits of Mercury possess knowledges of real things, both of those within this solar system, and also of those which are beyond it in the starry heaven; and what they have once acquired they retain, and also recall, as often as like things occur.  This shows very plainly that the memory of spirits is much more perfect than that of men, and also that what spirits hear, see, and perceive, they retain, especially such things as delight them, as the knowledges of real things delight these spirits. For all things that cause delight and love, flow in as it were spontaneously, and remain; other things do not enter, but only touch the surface and pass by.

AC 6813. When the spirits of Mercury come to other societies, they search out from them what they know, and as soon as they have done this they depart.  There is such a communication among spirits that when they are in a society, if they are accepted and loved, all things which they know are communicated, and this not by any speech, but by influx. By reason of their knowledges the spirits of Mercury are more conceited than others, and they were therefore told that although they know innumerable things, still there are infinite things which they do not know; and that if their knowledges should increase to eternity, they would not attain even to a knowledge of generals. They were told also of their conceit and elation of mind, and how unbecoming this is; but they answered that it is not conceit, but only a glorying in their faculty of memory.  In this way they can excuse their faults.

AC 6814. They are averse to verbal speech because it is material, and therefore I could talk with them no otherwise than by a kind of active thought. Their memory, being of real things, and not of purely material images, supplies the thought with its objects more closely; for the thought which is above the imagination requires for its objects things abstracted from what is material.  But in spite of this, the spirits of Mercury excel but little in the faculty of judgment.  They are not delighted with matters that belong to judgment and to conclusions from thoughts; for bare knowledges are their delight.

AC 6815. I was allowed to insinuate the question whether they did not desire to perform some use by virtue of their knowledges; because it is not sufficient to be delighted with knowledges, seeing that knowledges look to uses, and uses must be the ends.  From knowledges alone, I told them, there is no use to them, but only to others to whom they may desire to communicate their knowledges; and it is by no means proper for a man who desires to be wise, to halt in knowledges alone, because these are only instrumental causes, intended to serve in the search for uses, which must be of the life.  But they answered that they are delighted with knowledges, and that to them knowledges are uses.

AC 6816. The spirits of Mercury are quite different from the spirits of our earth, for the spirits of our earth care not so much for real things as for material, worldly, bodily, and earthly things.  Therefore the spirits of Mercury cannot be together with the spirits of our earth, and so whenever they meet them they See away; for the spiritual spheres which exhale from the two are almost opposite. The spirits of Mercury have a saying, that they love what is drawn out from things material, and that they do not desire to look at the sheath, but at things stripped of their sheath, thus at interior things.

AC 6817. The subject of the spirits of the planet Mercury will be continued at the end of the following chapter.


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